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Vitamin E chemistry, biological activity and benefits on the skin

  • R. CassanoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Human Health Handbooks no. 1 book series (HHH, volume 2)

Abstract

Vitamin E is the most important fat-soluble antioxidant especially applied in the animal nutrition. Due to its anti-inflammatory effects on the skin it is contained in many cosmetic products. In fact, if topically applied, vitamin E deactives unstable free radicals providing one of its electrons to the electron deficient free radical making it more stable. As a result, it protects the skin from deleterious effects due to its exposure to exogenous toxic agents such as pollulants, chemicals and sun rays, preventing the propagation of free-radicals. Although, mainly acting as an antioxidant, vitamin E can also exert a pro-oxidant activity. Vitamin E also regulates the functions of vitamin A in the body. This is fundamental because vitamin A itself is a dominant vitamin for skin care.

Keywords

tocopherol tocotrienol antioxidant fatty acid pro-oxidation health care 

Abbreviations

1H-NMR

Protonic nuclear magnetic resonance

13C-NMR

Carbon nuclear magnetic resonance

FT-IR

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

GC/MS

Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

IU

International unit

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

PKC

Protein kinase C

PUFA

Polyunsaturated fatty acid

RDA

Recommended daily allowance

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

TTP

Tristetraprolin

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Copyright information

© Wageningen Academic Publishers 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical SciencesUniversity of CalabriaArcavacata diItaly

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