Malignant Phonic Tics

  • Carolyn Kwak
  • Joseph Jankovic
Part of the Current Clinical Neurology book series (CCNEU)


The following five patients illustrate the problem of malignant motor tics. Patient 1: Patient with Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome (GTS) who, in addition to motor tics, exhibits loud vocalizations and screams which have markedly impaired his quality life. His mother has only blinking tics.


Botulinum Toxin Tourette Syndrome Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry Left Vocal Cord Tourette Syndrome Patient 
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolyn Kwak
    • 1
  • Joseph Jankovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Parkinson’s Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic, Department of NeurologyBaylor College of MedicineHouston

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