Pediatric Autopsy

Fetus, Newborn, and Child


Currently, pediatric autopsy is more accepted than adult autopsy because parents want more information about the death of their child and the implications for future pregnancies. These intricate, very valuable pathologic examinations can be performed from the embryonic stages through childhood. When combined with clinical information, this meticulous examination provides the necessary information to educate families concerning future pregnancies. The postmortem examination improves both treatment and the standard of care for the future.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected References

  1. Altshuler G. A conceptual approach to placental pathology and pregnancy outcome. Semin Diagn Pathol 1993;3:204–221.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous. Guidelines for post mortem reports. Bull Royal Coll Pathol 1993;84:11.Google Scholar
  3. Benirschke K, et al. Pathology of the Human Placenta, 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1990.Google Scholar
  4. Bove KE. Practice guidelines for autopsy pathology, the perinatal and pediatric autopsy. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1997;121:368.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Chi JG, Dooling EG, Gilles FH. Gyral development of the human brain. Ann Neurol 1977;1:86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clayton-Smith J, Farndon PA, Keown C, et al. Examination of fetuses after induced abortion for fetal abnormality. BMJ 1990;300:295.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Devine WA, Debich DE. Damage to the head and neck of infants at autopsy [letter to the editor]. Pediatr Pathol 1990;10:475–478.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Emery JL. The postmortem examination of a baby. In: Mason JK, ed. Pediatric Forensic Medicine and Pathology. London, Chapman & Hall, 1989, pp. 72–84.Google Scholar
  9. Gau GS, Napier K, Bhundia J. Use of tissue adhesive to repair fetal bodies after dissection. J Clin Pathol 1991;44:759–760.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Genest DR, et al. Estimating the time of death in stillborn fetuses: I. Histologic evaluation of fetal organs: an autopsy study of 150 stillborns. Obstet Gynecol 1992;80:575–584.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Genest DR, et al. Estimating the time of death in stillborn fetusus: II. Histologic evaluation of the placenta: a study of 71 stillborns. Obstet Gynecol 1992;80:585–592.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Genest DR, et al. Estimating the time of death in stillborn fetuses: III. External fetal examination: a study of 86 stillborns. Obstet Gynecol 1992;80:593–600.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Gilbert-Barness E, ed. Potter’s Pathology of the Fetus and Infant. Philadelphia: Mosby Yearbook, 1997.Google Scholar
  14. Hoggarth P, Poole B. A pathologist’s guide to embalming. In: Rutty GN, ed. Essentials in Autopsy Practice, vol. 1. London: Springer-Verlag, 2001.Google Scholar
  15. Hutchins GM. Practice guidelines for autopsy pathology. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1995;119:123.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Jones KL, Harrison JW, Smith DW. Palpebral fissure size in newborn infants. J Pediatr 1978;92:787.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Keeling J. The perinatal necropsy. In: Keeling J, ed. Fetal and Neonatal Pathology. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993.Google Scholar
  18. Ludwig J. Handbook of Autopsy Practice, 3rd ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  19. Macpherson TA, Valdes-Dapena M. The perinatal autopsy. In: Wigglesworth JS, Singer D, eds. Textbook of Fetal and Perinatal Pathology. Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1991.Google Scholar
  20. Moore IE. Macerated autopsy. In: Keeling JW, ed. Fetal and Neonatal Pathology. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993.Google Scholar
  21. Naeye R. Disorders of the Placenta, Fetus, and Neonate: Diagnosis and Clinical Significance. St. Louis: Mosby Yearbook, 1992.Google Scholar
  22. Naeye RL. The epidemiology of perinatal mortality: the power of the autopsy. Pediatr Clin N Am 1992;19:295–310.Google Scholar
  23. Redline RW. Placental pathology: a neglected link between basic disease mechanisms and untoward pregnancy outcome. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 1995;7:10–15.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rutty GN, ed. Essentials in Autopsy Practice, vol. 1. London: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  25. Scammon RE, Calkins LA. The development and growth of the external dimensions of the human body in the fetal period. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1929.Google Scholar
  26. Schauer GM, Kalousek DK, Magee JF. Genetic causes of stillbirth. Semin Perinatol 1992;16:341–351.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Stocker JT, Dehner LP. Pediatric Pathology, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2001.Google Scholar
  28. Valdes-Dapena M, Huff D. Perinatal Autopsy Manual. Washington, DC: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1983.Google Scholar
  29. Wigglesworth JS. Perinatal Pathology. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1984.Google Scholar
  30. Wigglesworth JS, Singer D. Perinatal Pathology. Blackwell Scientific, 2001.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2005

Personalised recommendations