History of Cruciate Ligament Repair

Development of Repair and Reconstruction
  • Jon Karlsson
Part of the Orthopedic Biology and Medicine book series (OBM)


The first known description of the cruciate ligaments is approx 5000 yr old. The anatomy of the knee was mentioned in the Smith Papyrus (3000 BC). Hippocrates (460–377 BC) described subluxation of the knee and correlated this to ligament injury. Almost 200 yr later, Galen (200–130 BC) was the first to thoroughly describe the anatomy of the soft tissue structures stabilizing the knee. Galen recognized the importance of the ligaments to stabilize the joint and to restrict abnormal motion.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Cruciate Ligament Posterior Cruciate Ligament Patellar Tendon 
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon Karlsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsSahlgrenska University HospitalGöteborgSweden

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