Explanations of the lamentable status of Mediterranean regional security generally tend to focus on the fate of Arab–Israeli peacemaking. This study aims at highlighting a different aspect, namely the negative impact of unsettled state identities on the emergence of regional security schemes in the Mediterranean area. More specifically, the case under consideration is the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EMP) initiative of the European Union (EU), which was launched in November 1995 in Barcelona. During the first years of its existence, the EMP relied on a region-building approach to regional security, thus implying the promotion of common interests and common regional themes. However, implicitly or explicitly the EMP’s regionbuilding approach was bound to affect the self-definition of states, the type of regional relations, and the preferred concept of regional order. By focusing on the case studies of Egypt, Israel, and Morocco, this study argues that domestic conflicts over state identities put a strain on the ability of states to consistently engage in Euro-Mediterranean region-building and to develop a strategy toward regional security. Thus, this analysis attracts the attention to domestic constraints to regional security on a Euro-Mediterranean basis.
- European Union
- Regional Security
- Domestic Politics
- Regional Order
- European Neighbourhood Policy
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