Un paso hacia adelante, y otro hacia atrás (One step forward, one step back)

Latinos and Schooling in the 1980s and 1990s
  • Victoria-María MacDonald


The tumultuous decades of the 1960s and 1970s resulted in important legislative, judicial, and institutional changes impacting the Latino educational experience. The 1968 Bilingual Education Act and subsequent U.S. Supreme Court rulings like Lau v. Nichols (1974) provided federal recognition and reinforcement of the rights of English-language learners. Latino college students entered universities that had established centers for the study of Mexican American and Puerto Rican history and culture. A new generation of Latino scholars broadened the discourse on race and education to include a previously overlooked Latino population. At the close of the 1970s, however, the United States was still recovering from the economic and political consequences of the prolonged and costly Vietnam War. Economic stagnation and further political disillusionment accompanying the Watergate scandal appeared to stall the momentum of the Civil Rights era. At this tenuous juncture in American history, waves of Latino immigrants from both familiar points of origin (Cuba and Mexico) and newer sources (Central America, Latin America, and the Caribbean) transformed the demographic composition of our nation.3


School District English Language Learner Bilingual Education Latino Immigrant Fourteenth Amendment 
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© Victoria-María MacDonald 2004

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  • Victoria-María MacDonald

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