In Search of Educational Opportunity and Access, the 1960s and 1970s

  • Victoria-María MacDonald


Frustration on the part of the Latino community at the slow pace of educational improvements for Mexican American and Puerto Rican children catalyzed rebellion and reform in the latter part of the twentieth century. El movimiento, as it is often called, did not solely focus on education but was part of overlapping social revolutions occurring in the 1960s and 1970s. Vietnam War protests, the Free Speech Movement, Women’s Rights, the Black Power movement, and the call for rights for numerous disenfranchised groups such as gays and lesbians spread throughout the nation, but they concentrated primarily in urban areas and on college campuses. Discriminatory labor practices, persistent oppression and denial of rights guaranteed under the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, political disenfranchisement, and other issues sparked the Latino community into forming a Mexican American Chicano movement and its counterpart among Puerto Ricans, the Boricua movement Both Chicano and Boricua were terms adopted by the movement that reflected the indigenous origins of Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans and symbolized a shift in civil rights strategy from assimilation to cultural nationalism.


Educational Opportunity Latino Student Cultural Nationalism Equal Protection Clause Puerto Rican Child 
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© Victoria-María MacDonald 2004

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  • Victoria-María MacDonald

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