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At Odds with One Another: The Tension between Civil Liberties and National Security in Twentieth-Century America

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American National Security and Civil Liberties in an Era of Terrorism

Abstract

The September 11 tragedy and the War on Terror have clearly demonstrated the tension between the demands of national security and the demands of democracy in the making of U.S. foreign policy. Democracy requires an open political process and high levels of civil rights and liberties in order for its citizens to politically participate. The demands of national security usually require a much less open political process with limitations on civil rights and liberties. The demands of democracy and the demands of national security inherently have contradictory implications for political participation within a democratic society.

From The Politics of the United States Foreign Policy 2nd edition by ROSATI. © 1999. Reprinted with permission of Wadsworth, a division of Thomson Learning: www.thomsonrights.com. Fax 800-730-2215.

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Notes

  1. Richard Hofstadter, The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1965).

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  2. Louis B. Parks, Barbara Karkabi, and Marty Racine, “Chicks Face ‘Landslide’ of Anger after Remark,” Houston Chronicle 15 March 2003, p. Al.

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  5. George B. Tindall, America: A Narrative History (New York: Norton, 1988), pp. 1003–1005.

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  6. Milton Cantor, The Divided Left: American Radicalism, 1900–1975 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1978), p. 31.

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  7. See also James MacGregor Burns, The Workshop of Democracy (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985), and Tindall, America.

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  8. Ralph S. Brown, Loyalty and Security (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1958).

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  9. See also Stephen J. Whitfield, The Culture of the Cold War (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991).

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  10. Ellen W. Schrecker, No Ivory Tower: McCarthyism and the Universities (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986), pp. 10–11.

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  11. See David Caute, The Great Fear: The Anti-Communist Purge under Truman and Eisenhower (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978);

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  12. David Caute and Victor S. Navasky, Naming Names (New York: Penguin, 1980).

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  13. David Halberstam, The Best and the Brightest (New York: Random House, 1969), p. 623.

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  14. J. William Fulbright, The Arrogance of Power (New York: Vintage, 1966), pp. 27, 25, 65.

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Authors

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David B. Cohen John W. Wells

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© 2004 David B. Cohen and John W. Wells

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Rosati, J.A. (2004). At Odds with One Another: The Tension between Civil Liberties and National Security in Twentieth-Century America. In: Cohen, D.B., Wells, J.W. (eds) American National Security and Civil Liberties in an Era of Terrorism. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781403981219_2

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