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Introduction: Montagnardism

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IN JULY 1830, PARISIANS TOOK TO THE STREETS to overthrow Charles X, the last Bourbon monarch, and many Europeans feared they were on the brink of another great war. The victors of 1815—Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria—had pledged to maintain the peace for twenty years against a French resurgence; fulfilling that commitment, which many saw as synonymous with keeping the Bourbons on the throne, would have meant an invasion of one of the most powerful nations in Europe. The situation was taken in hand by the ruling classes in France, primarily by the liberal members of the Chamber of Deputies. They brought the revolution to an end in less than two weeks and recruited the duc d’Orléans to become king as Louis Philippe I (third in line anyway, as the head of the royal family that would succeed if the Bourbons were ever extinguished). He acted with moderation to consolidate his regime; the other powers soon extended diplomatic recognition to his government. The crisis was over.

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© 2002 Jill Harsin

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Harsin, J. (2002). Introduction: Montagnardism. In: Barricades. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.

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  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, New York

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-349-38785-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4039-7005-3

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