Caring and Working: The Market, the State and the Care Economy

  • Sue Hatt


Women and men are employed as different kinds of workers throughout the European Union. Women characteristically work in the public sector, in service occupations and on a part-time basis while men, on the other hand, are more often in full-time employment, remain in the labour force throughout their working lives and account for the majority of employees in manufacturing industry. In every member state, men are better rewarded for their employment than women. Within the household too, the work which women and men undertake differs considerably both in its nature and its extent. Despite an increase in men’s participation in the domestic sphere, women spend longer than men on unpaid tasks even when they are engaged in full-time employment and the extent of their involvement in the domestic sphere restricts their ability to participate in the labour market. This chapter will explore the reasons why women have not just been a different kind of worker, but have also been disadvantaged workers in the European Union.


Labour Market Member State Parental Leave Maternity Leave Labour Force Survey 
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© Sue Hatt 2002

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  • Sue Hatt

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