Theories of Transition in Scientific Systems
A “new model of knowledge production” (Gibbons et al., 1994), including heterogeneity, interdisciplinarity, and networking with an emphasis on collaborative research as well as ties between science and industry
A thesis about the second “university revolution” (Etzkowitz, 1989, 1996) which underpins the entrepreneurial university
The “triple-helix model” (Leydesdorff and Etzkowitz, 1998; Etzkowitz, 2011; Etzkowitz, at el., 2012) that argues for the need for mutual cooperation between universities, public authorities, and industry, as well as the thesis of their overlapping activities
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