The Concluding Theme: Survival and Resilience Through Spirituality

  • Venkat Pulla


Philip Zimbardo said “resilience is to stress as heroism is to evil” (Zimbardo, 2009, p. 1) and suggested that both are reactions against and constructive adaptations to those negative human conditions. The kingdom of Bhutan certainly has the dubious distinction of making one of the highest contributions to the world’s refugees, as one-sixth of its citizens lived in exile and are now settled in third countries. The subject of this final chapter is the Lhotsampa survival, resilience, and certainly their heroism and their spirituality.


Acculturation Stress Refugee Camp National Happiness Refugee Child Refugee Community 
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© Venkat Pulla 2016

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  • Venkat Pulla

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