Advertisement

Malta in the First World War

Demon Kaiser or Colonizer?
  • Hillary Briffa
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Languages at War book series (PASLW)

Abstract

The First World War was a conflict unlike any which had come before it. Industrialization saw the advent of trench warfare and innovation in such forms as U-boats, tanks and advances in automated weaponry. Yet according to Epstein (2000), innovation was not just for the battlefield, but visible in the development of war propaganda, which gave this period the reputation of being the first press agents’ war. There was a new-found need to sway the masses as national morale became increasingly dependent on how swiftly recruits signed up.

Keywords

British Colonial Domestic Affair National Morale Propaganda Campaign Trench Warfare 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allan, Stuart (2010) News Culture, 3rd edn, Issues in Cultural and Media Studies, Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill Education.Google Scholar
  2. Carabott, Sarah (2012) ‘Dimech’s Writings are Now a Book of Aphorisms’, Times of Malta, Monday 15 October 2012.Google Scholar
  3. Daily Malta Chronicle, Saturdays 4 July-26 September 1914, 7 September–16 November 1918.Google Scholar
  4. Delwiche, Aaron (2009) ‘Of Fraud and Force Fast Woven: Domestic Propaganda during the First World War’, First World War, 22 August 2009, http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/propaganda.htm [accessed 1 May 2015].Google Scholar
  5. Dennis, Everette E., and Merrill, John C. (1996) Media Debates: Issues in Mass Communication, New York: Longman Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Ellul Galea, Karmenu (1999) It-Trejdunjonizmu f’Malta — It-Tielet Ktieb, Pietà: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza.Google Scholar
  7. Epstein, Jonathan A. (2000) ‘German and English Propaganda in World War I’, unpublished paper, New York Military Affairs Symposium, CUNY Graduate Center, New York, 1 December 2000.Google Scholar
  8. Farrugia Randon, Robert (1991) Camillo Sceberras: His Life and Times, Malta: R. F. Randon.Google Scholar
  9. Fraser, Lindley M. (1957) Propaganda, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Frendo, Henry (1972) Birth Pangs of a Nation: Manwel Dimech’s Malta (1860–1921), Malta: Mediterranean Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
  11. Frendo, Henry (1990) Lejn gvern responsabbli, ir-rieda gall-elsien, 1905–1921: it-tieni ktieb, Pieta: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza.Google Scholar
  12. Frendo, Henry (2004) ‘The Press and the Media in Malta’, Projekt Verlag: Working Papers in International Journalism 4, 15–21.Google Scholar
  13. Freud, Sigmund (1963) Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious, New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  14. Friggieri, Oliver (1988) ‘A National Identity in Maltese Literature’, in: V. Mallia-Milanes (ed.), The British Colonial Experience 1800–1964: The Impact on Maltese Society, Msida: Mireva Publications, pp. 287–311.Google Scholar
  15. Gilboa, Eytan (2004) ‘Global Television and Foreign Policy: Between News Management and the CNN Effect’, paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Online, 26 May 2009, http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p72687_index.html [accessed 1 May 2015].
  16. Il-Hmar, Saturdays 7 September-16 November 1918.Google Scholar
  17. Jackson, Robert, and Sørensen, Georg (2010) Introduction to International Relations: Theories, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Jeffres, Leo W. (1986) Mass Media: Processes and Effects, Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
  19. Jowett, Garth S., and O’Donnell, Victoria (1992) Propaganda and Persuasion, London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  20. Kessel, Martina, and Merziger, Patrick (2012) The Politics of Humour: Laughter, Inclusion and Exclusion in the Twentieth Century, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  21. Lasswell, Harold Dwight (1927) Propaganda Techniques in the World War, New York: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  22. Mallia, J. (2010a) ‘Education in Malta’, lecture notes for the topic ‘Maltese History’, De La Salle College, Cottonera, 12 March 2010.Google Scholar
  23. Mallia, J. (2010b) ‘Malta’s Importance during the First World War 1914–1919’, lecture notes for the topic ‘Maltese History’, De La Salle College, Cottonera, 18 January 2010.Google Scholar
  24. Mallia, J. (2010c) ‘Manuel Dimech’, lecture notes for the topic ‘Maltese History’, De La Salle College, Cottonera, 4 April 2010.Google Scholar
  25. Mallia-Milanes, Victor (ed.) (1988) The British Colonial Experience 1800–1964: The Impact on Maltese Society, Msida: Mireva Publications.Google Scholar
  26. Malta Taghna, Saturdays 4 July-26 September 1914, 7 September–16 November 1918.Google Scholar
  27. Messinger, Gary S. (2011) ‘Mass Communication Enlists 1914–1918’, in The Battle for the Mind: War and Peace in the Era of Mass Communication, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, pp. 15–37.Google Scholar
  28. Mifsud, Vincianne (2006) ‘Maltese Journalists and Politics in Malta 1918–1928: A Comparative Study of Some Newspapers’, unpublished BA dissertation, University of Malta.Google Scholar
  29. Sanders, Michael, and Taylor, Philip M. (1982) British Propaganda during the First World War, 1914–18, London and Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Seeger, Mathew W., Sellnow, Timothy L., and Ulmer, Robert R. (2003) Communication and Organizational Crisis, Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  31. Shehata, Samer (1992) ‘The Politics of Laughter: Nasser, Sadat and Mubarek in Egyptian Political Jokes’, Folklore 103, 75–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Smith, Katie (2007) ‘Framing the War in Croatia: Propaganda, Ideology and the British Press’, unpublished MA dissertation, Aberystwyth University.Google Scholar
  33. Taylor, Philip M. (2003) Munitions of the Mind: A History of Propaganda, 3rd edn, Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Ulmer, Robert R., Sellnow, Timothy L., and Seeker, Matthew M. (2007) Effective Crisis Communication: Moving from Crisis to Opportunity, Los Angeles: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  35. http://World-Information.Org (2007) ‘Disinformation and Democracy’, http://world-information.org/wio/infostructure/100437611661/100438658409?opmode=contents [accessed 1 May 2015].
  36. Zarb-Dimech, Anthony (2004) Malta during the First World War 1914–1918, Lancaster, Malta: Veritas Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hillary Briffa

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations