History, Nature, and System: Marx’s Anthropological Conception
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In the former society, all activities are devoted to the immediate securing of foodstuffs, hunting, fishing, the gathering of roots, primitive agriculture; of “ideas,” of “mental culture,” etc, there is very little; we are dealing here with men that are hardly more than monkeys, tribal animals. […] The growth of material production, the increase in the power of man over nature, the increase in the productivity of human labor. For, when not all the available time is consumed in exhausting material labor, people are free a portion of the time, which affords them an opportunity to think, reason, work with a Plan, create a “mental culture.”1
KeywordsSystemic Character Historical Form Marginal Note Capitalist Mode Economic Subject
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