History, Nature, and System: Marx’s Anthropological Conception

Part of the Marx, Engels, and Marxisms book series (MAENMA)


When referring to so-called primitive societies in his analysis of the historical development of civilization, Bukharin argued:

In the former society, all activities are devoted to the immediate securing of foodstuffs, hunting, fishing, the gathering of roots, primitive agriculture; of “ideas,” of “mental culture,” etc, there is very little; we are dealing here with men that are hardly more than monkeys, tribal animals. […] The growth of material production, the increase in the power of man over nature, the increase in the productivity of human labor. For, when not all the available time is consumed in exhausting material labor, people are free a portion of the time, which affords them an opportunity to think, reason, work with a Plan, create a “mental culture.”1


Systemic Character Historical Form Marginal Note Capitalist Mode Economic Subject 
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© Alfonso Maurizio Iacono 2016

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