Changing Mindsets: Moving from the Acceptance of Facts to Critical Thinking
Most students who come to my first-year Introductory Life Sciences (ILS) classes are used to rote learning facts and hold the view that this ability is the most important aspect of their learning. The questions that this chapter seeks to answer are, why is this the case, and what strategies can be used to change their mindsets so that they become critical thinkers?
KeywordsCritical Thinking Teaching Assistant Embryonic Stem Cell Research South African Journal Critical Engagement
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bazerman, C. and Russell, D.R. (eds). (1994). Landmark Essays on Writing across the Curriculum. Davis, CA: Hermagoras Press.Google Scholar
- Brenner, E.A. (2013). Giving every student a ‘voice’ – The use of an interactive classroom technology to track and promote individual student learning in large classes. In Large-class Pedagogy: Interdisciplinary Perspectives for Quality Higher Education, ed. David J. Hornsby, Ruksana Osman, Jacqueline de Matos-Ala, 63–78. Stellenbosch: SUN Press.Google Scholar
- Brenner, E.A. and Nichols, P. (2013). Critical Engagement through Writing (CEW): Using writing to promote critical thinking in large classes. In Large-class pedagogy: Interdisciplinary Perspectives for Quality Higher Education, ed. David J. Hornsby, Ruksana Osman, Jacqueline de Matos-Ala, 97–112. Stellenbosch: SUN Press.Google Scholar
- Bloom, D.S. and Krathwohl, D.R. (1956). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. Handbook I: Cognitive Domain.Google Scholar
- Craig, A. (1996). Education for all. South African Journal of Higher Education 10 (2), 47–55.Google Scholar
- Facione, PA. (1990). Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus for Purposes of Educational Assessment and Instruction Executive Summary ‘The Delphi Report’. Sciences New York, 423(c), 0–19. Retrieved from http://www.insightassessment.com/pdf_files/DEXadobe.PDF, accessed 15 September 2014.Google Scholar
- Lombard, K. and Grosser, M. (2008). Critical thinking: are the ideals of OBE failing us or are we failing the ideals of OBE? South African Journal of Education, 28, 561–579.Google Scholar