Assessing the Impact of Social Grants on Inequality: A South African Case Study
- 545 Downloads
The purpose of this chapter is to investigate the role of social grants in reducing income inequality during the first 15 years of democracy in South Africa. Since the transition to democracy in 1994, the South African government has dramatically expanded this system of social grants. Building on an existing but racially biased social security system developed by the apartheid government, the social grant system was expanded to include all races and then, through the 1990s, additional social transfers were instituted.
KeywordsIncome Inequality Labour Income Total Income Income Source Total Household Income
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Azevedo J., Inchaust G., & Sanfelice V. (2013a). Deconstructing the Decline in Inequality in Latin America. World Bank Policy Research Papers 6715.Google Scholar
- Azevedo, J. P., Inchauste, G., Olivieri, S., Saavedra, J., & Winkler, H. (2013b). Is Labour Income Responsible for Poverty Reduction? World Bank Policy Research Papers 6414.Google Scholar
- Barros, R. P. D., Carvalho, M. D., Franco, S., & Mendonça, R. (2006). Uma análise das principais causas da queda recente na desigualdade de renda brasileira. http://repositorio.ipea.gov.br/bitstream/11058/2699/1/TD_1203.pdf.
- Essama-Nssah, B. (2012). Identification of Sources of Variation in Poverty Outcomes. World Bank Policy Research Working Papers, No. 5954.Google Scholar
- Leibbrandt, M. V., Woolard, C. D., & Woolard, I. D. (1996). The contribution of income components to income inequality in South Africa: a decomposable Gini analysis (No. 125).Google Scholar
- Leibbrandt, M., Woolard, I., & De Villiers, L. (2009) National Income Dynamics Study Technical Paper No. 1. University of Cape Town; Methodology: Report on NIDS Wave 1.Google Scholar
- Lerman, R. I. & Yitzhaki, S. (1985). Income inequality effects by income source: a new approach and applications to the United States. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 151–156.Google Scholar
- PSLSD, Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development. 1994. South Africans Rich and Poor: Baseline Household Statistics. South African Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.Google Scholar
- Shorrocks, A. F. (1982). Inequality decomposition by factor components. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 193–211.Google Scholar
- Stark, O., Taylor, J. E., & Yitzhaki, S. (1986). Remittances and inequality. The Economic Journal, 722–740.Google Scholar
- United Nations Children’s Fund (2008). Review of the Child Support Grant: Uses, Implementation and Obstacles. Community Agency for Social Enquiry.Google Scholar
- Wilson, F. (1995). Lessons from the Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development: the South African story. Unpublished paper.Google Scholar
- Woolard. I. & Leibbrandt, M., (2010). The Evolution and Impact of Unconditional Cash Transfers in South Africa. A Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit Working Paper Number 51. Cape Town: SALDRU, University of Cape Town.136-161Google Scholar