See Oyèrónkẹ Oyěwùmí, The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997).
Adefisoye Oyesakin, “The Image of Women in Ifá Literary Corpus,” Nigeria Magazine 141 (1982).
Wande Abimbola, “Images of Women in the Ifá Literary Corpus,” Annals of the New York Academy of Science 810, no. 1 (1997).
Some Western feminist scholars such as Nancy Dowd have used the concept “man question” to analyze aspects of male disadvantage in the United States. N. E. Dowd, The Man Question: Male Subordination and Privilege (New York: New York University Press, 2010). But my own usage here is to encapsulate ideas of male dominance and male privilege that have come to define societies around the globe especially following European and American conquest. Thus in a comparative frame, the question in the “woman question” is one of subordination; the question in man question as I apply it to Yorùbá society and discourses is one of dominance.
Adélékè Adéẹkó, “‘Writing’ and ‘Reference’ in Ifá Divination Chants,” Oral Tradition 25, no. 2 (2010): 284.
See Karin Barber, I Could Speak until Tomorrow: Oríkì, Women, and the Past in a Yorùbá Town (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991); Adéẹkó, “‘Writing’ and ‘Reference’ in Ifá Divination Chants.” For example, argument made that the elevation of Ifá over other kinds of divination is tied up with male privilege and the perception that it is a male province.
William R. Bascom, Sixteen Cowries: Yorùbá Divination from Africa to the New World (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993), 10.
Wande Abimbola, Ifá: An Exposition of Ifá Literary Corpus (Ibadan: Oxford University Press, 1976), 61.
William R., Bascom Ifá Divination: Communication between Gods and Men in West Africa (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991), 81.
See Michelle and Louise Lamphere Rosaldo, eds., Women, Culture, and Society (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974).
J. D. Y. Peel, “Gender in Yorùbá Religious Change,” Journal of Religion in Africa 32, no. 2 (2002): 149.
P. B. Bouche, Sept Ans En Afrique Occidentale: La Côte Des Esclaves Et Le Dahomey (Paris: E. Plon Nourrit, 1885), 120.
Malidoma Patrice Somé, Of Water and the Spirit: Ritual, Magic and Initiation in the Life of an African Shaman (New York: Penguin, 1995), 163.
Oyeronke Olajubu, Women in the Yorùbá Religious Sphere (Albany: State University Press of New York, 2003), 119.
Wande Abimbola and I. Miller, Ifá Will Mend Our Broken World: Thoughts on Yorùbá Religion and Culture in Africa and the Diaspora (Roxbury: Aim Books, 1997), 86–87.
Bernard Maupoil, La Géomancie À L’ancienne Côte Des Esclaves (Paris: Institut d’ethnologie, 1943), 153–154.
T. J. Bowen, Central Africa: Adventures and Missionary Labors in Several Countries in the Interior of Africa, from 1849 to 1856 (Charleston, SC: Southern Baptist Publication Society, 1857), 317.
Oyěwùmí, The Invention of Women; Oyèrónké Oyěwùmí, “Colonizing Bodies and Minds: Gender and Colonialism,” in Postcolonialisms: An Anthology of Cultural Theory and Criticism, ed. Gaurav and Supriya Nair Desai (New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2005).
D. O. Ogungbile, “EERìndínlógún: The Seeing Eyes of Sacred Shells and Stones,” in OṢUn across the Waters: A YorùBá Goddess in Africa and the Americas, ed. Joseph M. and Mei-Mei Sanford Murphy (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001).
What is sacrifice? See Omosade J. Awolalu, Yorùbá Beliefs and Sacrificial Rites (London: Longman, 1979).
Niyi. F. Akinnaso, “Bourdieu and the Diviner: Knowledge and Symbolic Power in Yorùbá Divination,” in The Pursuit of Certainty: Religious and Cultural Formulations, ed. Wendy James (London: Routledge, 1995), 238.
Wande Abimbola, “The Bag of Wisdom: OṢUn and the Origins of Ifá Divination,” in OṢun across the Waters: A Yorùbá Goddess in Africa and the Americans, ed. Joseph M. and Mei-Mei Sanford Murphy (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001), 150.
Robert Sydney Smith, “Alaafin in Exile: A Study of the Igboho Period in OYo History,” Journal of African History 6, no. 1 (1865): 68.
T. G. O Gbadamosi, “Odù Imale. Islam in Ifá Divination and the Case of Predestined Muslims,” Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria 8, no. 4 (1977).