Public Participation in Low-carbon Policies: Climate Change and Sustainable Lifestyle Movements

  • Patrick Schroeder
Part of the The Nottingham China Policy Institute Series book series (NCP)


This chapter presents an overview of the two related issues of climate change and sustainable consumption and production (SCP), and how Chinese civil society organizations (CSOs) including both grassroots CSOs and think tanks are addressing these two issues. A particular focus of the chapter is on CSO participation in processes aiming to influence and contribute to policy making on national and local levels. As China’s climate change policies are a moving target and are still undergoing constant development, the chapter focuses more on trends and significant ongoing developments than on presenting an analysis of completed processes of policy innovation and public participation. The chapter first introduces the current state of the climate change problem, the interconnectedness between China and the EU on this issue through the perspective of SCP. That is followed by a general description of the background of public participation and civil society movements in the climate change issue. Then CSO initiatives on sustainable consumption, particularly lifestyle movements, are presented to ascertain the link between new social movement theories and various approaches of international movements on climate change, sustainable consumption and lifestyles. Furthermore, a comparison between China’s environmental CSOs and think tanks and ways of engagement in China’s climate change policy processes is presented, focusing in particular on the China Civil Climate Action Network (CCAN).


Civil Society Public Participation Climate Change Policy Sustainable Consumption Emission Trading System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 5.
    T. Wang and J. Watson (2008) ‘China’s Carbon Emissions and International Trade Implications for post-2012 Policy’, Climate Policy, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 577–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 6.
    M. Lee, C. Armeni, J. de Cendra, S. Chaytor, S. Lock, M. Maslin, C. Redgwell and Y. Rydin (2012) ‘Public Participation and Climate Change Infrastructure’, Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 33–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 7.
    R. Few, K. Brown and E. L. Tompkins (2006) Public Participation and Climate Change Adaptation, Tyndall Centre Working Paper, no. 95, April.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    M. Betsill and H. Bulkeley (2006) ‘Cities and the Multilevel Governance of Global Climate Change’, Global Governance, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 141–59.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    Guobin Yang (2005) ‘Environmental NGOs and Institutional Dynamics in China’, China Quarterly, vol. 181, pp. 46–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 13.
    A. Mol (2006) ‘Environment and Modernity in Transitional China: Frontiers of Ecological Modernization’, Development and Change, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 29–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 14.
    P. Stalley and D. N. Yang (2006) ‘An emerging environmental movement in China?’ China Quarterly, vol. 186, pp. 333–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 15.
    P. Schroeder (2014) ‘China’s Emerging Climate Change Movement: Finding a Place to Stand’, in M. Dietz and H. Garrelts (eds) Routledge Handbook of the Climate Change Movement (London: Routledge International Handbooks).Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    G. Yang (2009) ‘Civic Environmentalism’, in You-tien Hsing and Ching Kwan Lee (eds) Reclaiming Chinese Society: The New Social Activism (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  10. 17.
    S. Tarrow (1994) Power in Movement (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 3Google Scholar
  11. 18.
    Peter Ho (2001) ‘Greening without Conflict? Environmentalism, NGOs and Civil Society in China’, Development and Change, 32 (5) pp. 893–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 20.
    D. Snow (2004) ‘Social Movements as Challenges to Authority: Resistance to an Emerging Conceptual Hegemony’, Research in Social Movements, Conflict and Change, vol. 25, pp. 3–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 21.
    C. Gough and S. Shackley (2001) ‘The Respectable Politics of Climate Change: The Epistemic Communities and NGOs’, International Affairs, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 329–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 22.
    X. Zhu (2012) The Rise of Think Tanks in China (New York: Routledge).Google Scholar
  15. 24.
    CCICED (2013) Sustainable Consumption and Green Development: Summary Report and Policy Recommendations (Beijing: China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development).Google Scholar
  16. 25.
    D. A. Fuchs and S. Lorek (2005) Sustainable Consumption Governance: A History of Promises and Failures, Journal of Consumer Policy, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 261–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 28.
    R. Haenfler, B. Johnson and E. Jones (2012) ‘Lifestyle Movements: Exploring the Intersection of Lifestyle and Social Movements’, Social Movement Studies, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 30.
    X. Ma and L. Ortolano (2000) Environmental Regulation in China: Institutions, Enforcement, and Compliance (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield).Google Scholar
  19. 31.
    D. Zhao (2010) “Theorizing the Role of Culture in Social Movements: Illustrated by Protests and Contentions in Modern China’, Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 33–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 34.
    G. Han, M. Olsson, K. Hallding and D. Lunsford (2012) Chinas Carbon Emission Trading: An Overview of Current Development (Stockholm: FORES Study 2012:1).Google Scholar
  21. 36.
    Y. Geng (2012) Campus Carbon Accounting Strategy (Beijing: CYCAN) 1st edition.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Patrick Schroeder 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Schroeder

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations