The Past Is the Past? The Impossibility of Erasure of Historical LGBTIQ Policing
This quote came from an interview with a now retired, gay male police officer conducted in a research project in 2010. He elaborates how he thinks LGBTIQ people still hold onto old understandings of police interactions. Furthermore, he notes how he thinks about discussions about these historical moments as ‘stereotypes and prejudices’, as though events in the past now shape what people think about police in the present. Interestingly, how he thinks about this contradicts with the way research and commentary tend to document this policing history. There is little doubt that relationships between LGBTIQ people and police have been historically turbulent (Radford, Betts, & Ostermeyer 2006). Discussions about LGBTIQ policing history can tend to chart this as though conflicts are matters in the past, and that we have moved to a more enlightened present as a result of historical events. While the documented accounts of this history rarely follow a fully linear chronology (Dwyer 2014), they can also romanticise a present and assumed future that is or will be ever grounded in sensitive, community-based police relationships.
KeywordsSexual Minority Police Force Police Organisation Sexual Prejudice Police Violence
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- AAP Press (2013) ‘No Need for Independent Mardi Gras Inquiry: Police Minister’, 6 March 2013, http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/03/06/no-needindependent-mardi-gras-inquiry-police-minister (accessed 20 April 2015).
- ABC News (2013) ‘Protesters Rally Over Mardi Gras “Police Brutality”’, 8 March 2013, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-03-08/mardi-gras/4562456 (accessed 15 July 2015).
- Attridge, D, Bennington, G., & Young, R. (eds.) (1987) Post-structuralism and the Question of History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
- Berman, A. & Robinson, S. (2010) Speaking Out: Stopping Homophobic and Transphobic Abuse in Queensland (Bowen Hills: Australian Academic Press).Google Scholar
- Bull, M., Pinto, S., & Wilson, P. (1991) ‘Homosexual Law Reform in Australia’, Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 29, (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology).Google Scholar
- Busby, C. (2015) ‘Calls for Independent Oversight Committee in Relation to Complaints Against Police’, Gay News Network, 16 February 2015, http://gaynewsnetwork.com.au/news/new-south-wales/calls-for-independent-oversightcommittee-into-complaints-against-police-16605.html (accessed 20 April 2015).Google Scholar
- Carbery, G. (2010) Towards Homosexual Equality in Australian Criminal Law: A Brief History (Parkville: Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives Inc).Google Scholar
- Carbery, G. (1995) A History of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras (Parkville: Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives Inc).Google Scholar
- Chauncey, G. (1994) Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890–1940 (New York: Basic).Google Scholar
- Comstock, G.D. (1991) Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men (New York: Columbia University Press).Google Scholar
- D’Emilio, J. (1983) Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States 1940–1970 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).Google Scholar
- Dwyer, A. (2012) ‘Policing Visible Sexual/Gender Diversity as a Program of Governance’, International Journal of Crime and Justice, 1 (1), 14–26.Google Scholar
- Faderman, L. (1991) Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth-Century America (New York: Penguin Books).Google Scholar
- Farrell, J. & Cerise, S. (2006) Fair’s Fair: A Snapshot of Violence and Abuse in Sydney LGBT Relationships (Sydney: ACON and The Same Sex Domestic Violence Interagency Working Group).Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (1989) ‘The Discourse of History’, in S. Lotringer (ed.), Foucault Live, (New York: Semiotext(e)), 19–32.Google Scholar
- Flood, M. & Hamilton, C. (2008) ‘Mapping Homophobia in Australia’, in S. Robinson (ed.), Homophobia: An Australian history (Annandale: Federation Press), 16–38.Google Scholar
- Goldstein, J. (ed.) (1994) Foucault and the Writing of History (Oxford: Blackwell).Google Scholar
- Groves, M. (1995) ‘Not so Tasty’, Alternative Law Journal, 20 (3), 123–127.Google Scholar
- Jennings, R. (2007) A Lesbian History of Britain: Love and Sex Between Women Since 1500 (Westport, CT: Greenwood World Publishing).Google Scholar
- Jenny, C., Roesler, T.A., & Poyer, K.L. (1994) ‘Are Children at Risk for Sexual Abuse by Homosexuals?’, Pediatrics, 94 (1), 41–44.Google Scholar
- Leonard, W., Mitchell, A., Patel, S., & Fox, C. (2008) Coming Forward: The Underreporting of Heterosexist Violence and Same-Sex Partner Abuse in Victoria Abuse in Victoria, http://www.latrobe.edu.au/arcshs/assets/downloads/reports/ComingForwardReport.pdf (Melbourne: Australian Centre for Sex, Health and Society) (accessed 20 April 2015).Google Scholar
- Moore, C. (2001) Sunshine and Rainbows: The Development of Gay and Lesbian Culture in Queensland (St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press).Google Scholar
- Olding, R. & Robertson, J. (2013) ‘Mardi Gras Bystanders Send Handcuff Video Viral’, Sydney Morning Herald, 7 March 2013.Google Scholar
- Ozturk, S. (2013) ‘Police Assault Charges Against Gay Activist Bryn Hutchinson Dismissed’, Star Observer, 28 November 2013. http://www.starobserver.com.au/news/local-news/new-south-wales-news/police-assault-charges-against-gay-activist-bryn-hutchinson-dismissed/113500 (accessed 20 April 2015).Google Scholar
- Ozturk, S. (2014) ‘“Served Justice”: Police Drop Charges Against Mardi Gras Reveller Jamie Jackson’, Star Observer, 28 January 2014, http://www.starobserver.com.au/news/local-news/new-south-wales-news/served-justice-police-drop-charges-against-mardi-gras-teen-jamie-jackson/117079 (accessed 20 April 2015).Google Scholar
- Radford, K., Betts, J., & Ostermeyer, M. (2006) Policing, Accountability and the Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Community in Northern Ireland (Belfast: Institute for Conflict Research).Google Scholar
- Smaal, Y. & Moore, C. (2008) ‘Homophobia in Fin De Siècle Colonial Queensland’, in S. Robinson (ed.) Homophobia: An Australian History (Annandale: Federation Press), 63–85.Google Scholar
- Stronach, I. & MacLure, M. (1997) Educational Research Undone: The Postmodern Embrace (Buckingham: Open University).Google Scholar
- Stryker, S. (2008) Transgender History (Berkeley: Seal Press).Google Scholar
- The Australian, ‘Second Man Alleges Sydney Police Violence’, 6 March 2013, http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/nation/gay-community-expressesconcern-over-video-reportedly-showing-mardi-gras-police-brutality/storye6frg6nf-1226591220392 (accessed 15 July 2015).
- Tomsen, S. (2009) Violence, Prejudice and Sexuality (New York: Routledge).Google Scholar
- Tomsen, S. & Markwell, K. (2009b) When the Glitter Settles: Safety and Hostility At and Around Gay and Lesbian Public Events, AIC Research and Public Policy Series 100 (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology).Google Scholar
- Willett, G. (2008) ‘From “Vice” to “Homosexuality”: Policing Perversion in the 1950s’, in S. Robinson (ed.) Homophobia: An Australian History (Annandale: Federation Press), 113–127.Google Scholar
- Wotherspoon, G. (1991) City of the Plain: History of a Gay Sub-culture (Sydney: Hale and Iremonger).Google Scholar