Advertisement

Product Development Strategy

  • Mina Tajvidi
  • Azhdar Karami

Abstract

This chapter discusses the new product development (NPD) strategy in the firms studied. It begins with a theoretical discussion of new product development strategy and covers a wide range of theories and conceptual frameworks in developing new product concepts. The associated theoretical models such as product life cycle and new product process are discussed in detail. The chapter covers the findings of the empirical research on product development strategy and firm performance in the firms studied.

Keywords

Product Development Product Life Cycle Strategic Management Journal Entrepreneurial Firm Product Development Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Afonso, P., Nunes, M., Paisana, A., and Braga, A. (2008). The influence of time-to-market and target costing in the new product development success. International Journal of Production Economics, 115 (2), 559–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aitken, J., Childerhouse, P., and Towill, D. (2003). The impact of product life cycle on supply chain strategy. International Journal of Production Economics, 85 (2), 127–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anderson, C. R. and Zeithaml, C. P. (1984). Stage of the product life cycle, business strategy, and business performance. Academy of Management Journal, 27 (1), 5–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andreasen, M. M. and Hein, L. (1987). Integrated Product Development. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  5. Atuahene-Gima, K. and Murray, J. Y. (2007). Exploratory and exploitative learning in new product development: A social capital perspective on new technology ventures in China. Journal of International Marketing, 15 (2), 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barker, M. and Neailey, K. (1999). From individual learning to project team learning and innovation: A structured approach. Journal of Workplace Learning, 11 (2), 60–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17, 99–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bartezzaghi, E., Corso, M., and Vergani, R. (1997). Continuous improvement and inter-project learning in new product development. International Journal of Technology Management14 (1), 116–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bartoletti, S., Corso, M., Marine, A., and Pellegrini, L. (2002). Discovering Knowledge Management Approaches by Case Studies. Paper presented at the Ninth International Product Development Management Conference, Sophia Antipolis, France, May 27–28.Google Scholar
  10. Bergsjo, D., Catic, A., and Malmqvist, J. (2008). Implementing a service-oriented PLM architecture focusing on support for engineering change management. International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management, 3 (4), 335–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Betz, F. (1993). Strategic Technology Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  12. Bevilacqua, M., Ciarapica, F. E., and Giacchetta, G. (2007). Development of a sustainable product lifecycle in manufacturing firms: A case study. International Journal of Production Research, 45 (18–19), 4073–4098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Birley, S. and Westhead, P. (1990). Growth and performance contrasts between “types” of small firms. Strategic Management Journal, 11 (7), 535–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Blanchard, B. S. (2004). System Engineering Management. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  15. Bobrow, E. E. (1997). The Complete Idiot’s Guide to New Product Development. New York: Alpha Books.Google Scholar
  16. Bowen, H. K., Clark, K. B., Holloway, C. A., and Wheelwright, S. C. (1994). The Perpetual Enterprise Machine. New York: Oxford.Google Scholar
  17. Brady, T, Rush, H, Hobday, M, Davies, A, Probert, D., and Banerjee, S. (1997). Tools for technology management: An academic perspective. Technovation, 17 (8), 417–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bras, B. (2009). Sustainability and product life cycle management issues and challenges. International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management, 4 (1/2/3), 23e47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Brown, S. L. and Eisenhardt, K. M. (1995). Product development: Past research, present findings, and future directions. Academy of Management Review, 20, 343–378.Google Scholar
  20. Bruce, M. and Biemans, W. G. (eds) (1995). Product Development: Meeting the Challenge of the Design–Marketing Interface. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  21. BurgeSmani, R. A. and Wheelwright, S. C. (2004). Strategic management of technology and innovation. READING, 1 (1).Google Scholar
  22. Busby, J. S. (1999). An assessment of post-project reviews. Project Management Journal, 30 (3), 23–29.Google Scholar
  23. Caffyn, S. (1997). Extending continuous improvement to the new product development process. R&D Management, 27 (3), 253–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Callaghan, C. and Venter, R. (2011). An investigation of the entrepreneurial orientation, context and entrepreneurial performance of inner-city Johannesburg street traders. Southern African Business Review, 15 (1), 28–48.Google Scholar
  25. Camuffo, A. and Volpato, G. (1996). Dynamic capabilities and manufacturing automation: Organizational learning in the Italian manufacturing automobile industry. Industrial and Corporate Change, 5, 813–838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Chen, C. J. and Huang, J. W. (2009). Strategic human resource practices and innovation performance: The mediating role of knowledge management capacity. Journal of Business Research, 62 (1), 104–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chen, S. (2005). Task partitioning in new product development teams: A knowledge and learning perspective. Journal of Engineering Technology Management22, 291–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chiang, T. and Trappey, A. J. C. (2007). Development of value chain collaborative model for product lifecycle management and its LCD industry adoption. International Journal of Production Economics, 109 (1–2), 90–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Churchill, G. A. Jr (1979). A paradigm for developing better measures of marketing constructs. Journal of Marketing Research, 61 (1), 64–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Cohen, W. and Levinthal, D. (1990). Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 128–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Cooper, A. C. (2001). Winning at New Products. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.Google Scholar
  32. Cooper, R. B. (2000). Information technology development creativity: A case study of attempted radical change. MIS Quarterly, 24 (2), 245–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Cooper, R. G. (1988). Predevelopment activities determine new product success. Industrial Marketing Management, 17 (3), 237–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Cooper, R. G. (1996). Overhauling the new product process. Industrial Marketing Management, 25 (6), 465–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Cooper, R. G. (2005). Product Leadership. New Yorks: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  36. Corso, M., Martini, A., Paolucci, E., and Pellegrini, L. (2001). Knowledge management in product innovation: An interpretative review. International Journal of Management Review, 3 (4), 341–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Dasgupta, P. and David, P. (1994). Toward a new economics of science. Research Policy, 23, 487–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Davidson, W. R., Bates, A. D., and Bass, S. J. (2002). The retail life cycle. Retailing: The Evolution and Development of Retailing, 55 (6), 89–96.Google Scholar
  39. DeCarolis, D. M. and Deeds, D. L. (1999). The impact of stocks and flows of organizational knowledge on firm performance: An empirical investigation of the biotechnology industry. Strategic Management Journal, 20 (10), 953–968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Deeds, D. L., DeCarolis, D., and Coombs, J. (1997). The impact of firm specific capabilities on the amount of capital raised in an initial public offering: Evidence from the biotechnology industry. Journal of Business Venturing, 12 (1), 31–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Deeds, D. L., DeCarolis, D., and Coombs, J. (2000). Dynamic capabilities and new product development in high technology ventures: An empirical analysis of new biotechnology firms. Journal of Business Venturing, 15 (3), 211–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Delmar, F., Davidsson, P., and Gartner, W. B. (2003). Arriving at the high-growth firm. Journal of Business Venturing, 18 (2), 189–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Dess, G. G., Lumpkin, G. T., and McGee, J. E. (1999). Linking corporate entre-preneurship to strategy, structure, and process: Suggested research directions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23, 85–102.Google Scholar
  44. Dutta, S., Narasimhan, O., and Rajiv, S. (1999). Success in high-technology markets: Is marketing capability critical? Marketing Science, 18 (4), 547–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Esslinger, H. (2011). Sustainable design: Beyond the innovation-driven business model. Journal of Production Innovation Management, 28 (3), 401–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Fairlie-Clarke, T. and Muller, M. (2003). An activity model of the product development process. Journal of Engineering Design, 14 (3), 247–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ferreira, J. (2003). Estudo do crescimento e desempenho das pequenas empresas: A influência da orientação estratégica empreendedor. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.Google Scholar
  48. Fornell, C. and Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobserv-able variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics. Journal of Marketing Research, 18 (3), 382–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Fox, J. (1993). Quality through design: The key to successful product delivery. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  50. Frambach, R. T., Prabhu, J., and Verhallen, T. M. (2003). The influence of business strategy on new product activity: The role of market orientation. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 20 (4), 377–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Gartner, W. B. (1997). When growth is the problem, not the solution. Journal of Management Inquiry, 6 (1), 62–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Gmelin, H. and Seuring, S. (2014). Achieving sustainable new product development by integrating product life-cycle management capabilities. International Journal of Production Economics, 154, 166–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Goffin, K. and Koners, U. (2011). Tacit knowledge, lessons learnt, and new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 28 (2), 300–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Golder, P. N. and Tellis, G. J. (2004). Growing, growing, gone: Cascades, diffusion, and turning points in the product life cycle. Marketing Science, 23 (2), 207–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Grieves, M. (2006). Product Lifecycle Management: Driving the Next Generation of Lean Thinking. New York: McCraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  56. Grieves, M. W. and Tanniru, M. (2008). PLM, process, practice and provenance: Knowledge provenance in support of business practices in product lifecycle management. International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management, 3 (1), 37–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Griffin, A. (1997). PDMA research on new product development practices: Updating trends and benchmarking best practices. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 14 (6), 429–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Griffin, A. and Hauser, J. R. (1996). Integrating R&D and marketing: A review and analysis of the literature. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 13, 191–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Guo, R. J., Baruch, L., and Zhou, N. (2005). The valuation of biotech IPOs. Journal of Ac counting, Auditing & Finance, 20 (4), 423–459.Google Scholar
  60. Gupta, A. K. and Wilemon, D. (1996). Changing patterns in industrial R&D management. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 13 (6), 497–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Hagedoorn, J. (1993). Understanding the rationale of strategic technology partnering: Interorganizational modes of cooperation and sectoral differences. Strategic Management Journal, 14 (5), 371–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., and Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: Indeed a silver bullet. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 19 (2), 139–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Hambrick, D. C. (1994). Top management team groups; A conceptual integration and reconsideration of the “team” label. In B. M. Staw and L. L. Cummings, eds, Research in Organizational Behavior 16: 171–214. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  64. Harmsen, H., Grunert, K. G., and Bove, K. (2000). Company competencies as a network: The role of product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 17 (3), 194–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Hayes, R. H., Pisano, G., and Upton, D. M. (1996). Strategic Operations: Competing through Capabilities. Text and Cases. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School.Google Scholar
  66. Helfat, C. E. (1994). Firm-specificity in corporate applied R&D. Organization Science, 5, 173–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Henard, D. H. and Szymanski, D. M. (2001). Why some new products are more successful than others. Journal of Marketing Research, 38 (3), 362–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Heunks, F. J. (1998). Innovation, creativity and success. Small Business Economics, 10 (3), 263–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Hill, C. W. and Deeds, D. L. (1996). The importance of industry structure for the determination of firm profitability: A neo-Austrian perspective. Journal of Management Studies33 (4), 429–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Himmelfarb, P. A. (1992). Survival of the Fittest: New Product Development During the ’90s. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  71. Hines, P., Francis, M., and Found, P. (2006). Towards lean product lifecycle management: A framework for new product development. Journal ofManufacturing Technology Management, 17 (7), 866–887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Hitt, M. A. and Tyler, B. B. (1991). Strategic decision models: Integrating different perspectives. Strategic Management Journal, 12 (5), 327–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Howells, J. (1996). Tacit knowledge, innovation and technology transfer. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 8 (2): 91–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Hu, G. and Bidanda, B. (2009). Modeling sustainable product lifecycle decision support systems. International Journal of Production Economics, 122 (1), 366–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Hughes, G. D. and Chafin, D. C. (1996). Turning new product development into a continuous learning process. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 13 (2), 89–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Hult, G. T. M., Hurley, R. F., and Knight, G. A. (2004). Innovativeness: Its antecedents and impact on business performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 33 (5), 429–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Hult, G. and Tomas, M. (2010). Market-focused sustainability: Market orientation plus” Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 39 (1), 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Hult, G. T. M. (2011). Market-focused sustainability: Market orientation plus!. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 39 (1), 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Hunter, J. E. and Schmidt, F. L. (eds) (2004). Methods of Meta-analysis: Correcting Error and Bias in Research Findings. Sage.Google Scholar
  80. Iansiti, M. and Clark, K. B. (1994). Integration and dynamic capability: Evidence from product development in automobiles and mainframe computers. Industrial and corporate change, 3 (3), 557–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. International Electrotechnical Commission (1991). Dependability Management; Part 1: Dependability Assurance of Products. IEC 60300–1/ISO 9000–4. Geneva: International Electrotechnical Commission.Google Scholar
  82. Jensen, I. and Sandstad, O. R. (1998). The learning project organization. Drug Development Research, 43 (3), 134–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Jöreskog, K. G. and Sörbom, D. (1996). LISREL 8: User’s reference guide. (Scientific Software International, Chicago).Google Scholar
  84. Kerssens-van Drongelen, I., Weerd-Nederhof, P., and Fischer, O. A. M. (1996). Describing the issues of knowledge management in R&D: Towards a communication and analysis tool. R&D Management, 26 (3), 213–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Kleinschmidt, E. J., De Brentani, U., and Salomo, S. (2007). Performance of global new product development programs: A resource—based view. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 24 (5), 419–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Kline, R. B. (2010). Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling. London: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  87. Kogut, B. and Zander, U. (1992). Knowledge of the firm, combinative capabilities, and the replication of technology. Organization Science, 3 (3), 383–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Kotabe, M. and Scott Swan, K. (1995). The role of strategic alliances in high-technology new product development. Strategic Management Journal, 16 (8), 621–636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Kotnour, T. and Vergopia, C. (2005). Learning-based project reviews: Observations and lessons learned from the Kennedy Space Center. Engineering Management Journal, 17 (4), 30–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Krishnan, V. and Ulrich, K. T. (2001). Product development decisions: A review of the literature. Management Science, 47 (1), 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Kuczmarski, T. (1992). Managing New Products. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  92. Lambert, D. M., Cooper, M. C., and Pagh, J. D., 1998. Supply chain management: Implementation issues and research opportunities. I International Journal of Logistics Management, 9 (2), 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Leonard-Barton, D. (1992). Core capabilities and core rigidities: A paradox in managing new product development. Strategic Management Journal, 13 (S1), 111–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Li, H. and Atuahene-Gima, K. (2001). Product innovation strategy and the performance of new technology ventures in China. Academy of Management Journal44 (6),1123–1134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Li, H. and Atuahene-Gima, K. (2002). The adoption of agency business activity, product innovation, and performance in Chinese technology ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 23 (6), 469–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Liker, J. K. and Morgan, J. M. (2006). The Toyota way in services: The case of lean product development. Academy of Management Perspectives, 20 (2), 5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Lumpkin, G. T. and Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, 21 (1), 135–172.Google Scholar
  98. Lynn, G. S. (1997). Organizational Team Learning for Really New Product Development. Working Paper no. 97–113. Cambridge, MA: Marketing Science Institute.Google Scholar
  99. Manu, F. A. and Sriram, V. (1996). Innovation, marketing strategy, environment, and performance. Journal of Business Research, 35 (1), 79–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. March-Chorda, I., Gunasekaran, A., and Lloria-Aramburo, B. (2002), Product development process in Spanish SMEs: An empirical research. Technovation, 22 (5), 301–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. March-Chorda, I., Niosi, J., and Yagüe-Perales, R. M. (2010). Benchmarking Spain’s biotechnology: A comparative perspective. Journal of Biotechnology, 150, 512–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Marion, T. J., Friar, J. H., and Simpson, T. W. (2012). New product development practices and early-stage firms: Two in-depth case studies. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 29 (4), 639–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Markman, G. D. and Gartner, W. B. (2002). Is extraordinary growth profitable? A study of Inc. 500 high-growth companies. Entrepreneurship Theory And Practice, 27 (1), 65–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Marques, C. S. and Monteiro-Barata, J. (2006). Determinants of the innovation process: An empirical test for the Portuguese manufacturing industry. Management Research: The Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, 4 (2), 113–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Matsuno, K., Mentzer, J. T., and Özsomer, A. (2002). The effects of entrepreneurial proclivity and market orientation on business performance. Journal of Marketing, 66 (3), 18–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. McGee, J. E., Dowling, M. J., and Megginson, W. L. (1995). Cooperative strategy and new venture performance: The role of business strategy and management experience. Strategic Management Journal, 16 (7), 565–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. McGrath, M. E. (ed.) (1996). Setting the PACE in Product Development: A Guide to Product and Cycle-time Excellence. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  108. Meyers, P. W. and Wilemon, D. (1989). Learning in new development teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 6 (2), 79–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Michael, S. C. and Palandjian, T. P. (2004). Organizational learning and new product introductions. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 21 (4), 268–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Miles, R. E. and Snow, C. C. (1978) Organizational Strategy, Structure and Process. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  111. Millson, M. R., Raj, S. P., and Wilemon, D. (1992). A survey of major approaches for accelerating new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 9 (1), 53–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Mogollon, R. and Vaquero, A. (2004). El comportamiento innovador y los resultados de la empresa: Un análisis empírico. In Proceedings of the XVIII Congreso Anual y XIV Congreso Hispano-Francês, AEDEM, Ourense, Spain.Google Scholar
  113. Montgomery, C. A. and Hariharan, S. (1991). Diversified expansion by large established firms. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 15, 17–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Montoya-Weiss, M. M. and Calantone, R. (1994). Determinants of new product performance: A review and meta-analysis. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 11 (5), 397–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Muffato, M. (1998) Corporate and individual competencies: How do they match the innovation process?’ International Journal of Technology Management, 15 (8), 836–853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Murthy, D. P., Rausand, M., and Østerås, T. (2008). Product Reliability: Specification and Performance. London: Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  117. Nicholas, J., Ledwith, A., and Perks, H. (2011). New product development best practice in SME and large organisations: Theory vs practice. European Journal of Innovation Management, 14 (2), 227–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Nobeoka, K. (1995). Inter-project Learning in New Product Development. Paper presented at Academy of Management 55th annual meeting, Vancouver, August.Google Scholar
  119. Nonaka, I. (1990). Redundant and overlapping organization: A Japanese approach to managing the innovation process. California Management Review, 32 (3), 27–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychomtietric Theory (2nd edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  121. Nystrom, P. C., Ramamurthy, K., and Wilson, A. L. (2002). Organizational context, climate and innovativeness: Adoption of imaging technology. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 19 (3), 221–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. O’Mara, E., Hyland, P., and Sloan, T. (1999). Knowledge Transfer in New Product Development. Paper presented at the International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology, Portland, OR, July 25–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Pagell, M. and Wu, Z. 2009. Building a more complete theory of sustainable supply chain management using case studies of 10 exemplars. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 45 (2), 37–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Pahl, G. and Beitz, W. (1996) Engineering Design (2nd edition). London: Springer Limited.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Patrick, J. (1997). How to Develop Successful New Products. Chicago, IL: NTC Business Books in conjunction with the American Marketing Association.Google Scholar
  126. Penrose, E. T. (1995). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Perrone, G., Roma, P., and Lo Nigro, G. (2010). Designing multi-attribute auctions for engineering services procurement in new product development in the automotive context. International Journal of Production Economics, 124 (1), 20–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Petraff, M. (1993). The cornerstone of competitive advantage: A resource-based view. Strategic Management Journal, 14 (3), 179–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Porter, M. E. (1997). Competitive strategy. Measuring Business Excellence, 1 (2), 12–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Potter, S., Roy, R., Capon, C. H., Bruce, M., Walsh, V., and Lewis, J. (1991). The Benefits snd Costs of Investment in Design: Using Professional Design Expertise in Product, Engineering and Graphics Projects. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  131. Pouder, R. and St. John, C. (1996). Hot spots and blind spots: Geographic clusters of firms and innovation. Academy of Management Review, 21 (4), 1192–1225.Google Scholar
  132. Prajogo, D. I. and Ahmed, P. K. (2006). Relationships between innovation stimulus, innovation capacity, and innovation performance. R&D Management, 36 (5), 499–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Pugh, S. (1991). Total Design: Integrated Methods for Successful Product Engineering. Wokingham, England: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  134. Rao, P. and Holt, D. (2005). Do green supply chains lead to competitiveness and economic performance? International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 25 (9), 898–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Rauch, A., Wiklund, J., Lumpkin, G. T., and Frese, M. (2009). Entrepreneurial orientation and business performance: An assessment of past research and suggestions for the future. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33 (3), 761–787.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Rauniar, R. and Rawski, G. (2012). Organizational structuring and project team structuring in integrated product development project. International Journal of Production Economics, 135 (2), 939–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Reger, G. and von Wichert, N. D. (1997). A learning organization for R&D management. International Journal of Technology Management13 (7–8), 796–817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Riek, R. F. (2001). From experience: Capturing hard-won NPD lessons in checklists. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 18 (5), 301–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Robertson, S. and Williams, T. (2006). Understanding project failure: Using cognitive mapping in an insurance project. Project Management Journal, 37 (4), 55–71.Google Scholar
  140. Roozenburg, N. F. and Eekels, J. (1995). Product Design: Fundamentals and Methods (Volume 2). Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  141. Rosenau, M. D. and Moran, J. J. (1993). Managing the Development of New Products. New York: John Wiley, Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
  142. Rosenbusch, N., Brinckmann, J., and Bausch, A. (2011). Is innovation always beneficial? A meta-analysis of the relationship between innovation and performance in SMEs. Journal of Business Venturing, 26 (4), 441–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Saaksvuori, A. (2004). Product Lifecycle Management. Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Salomo, S., Keinschmidt, E. J., and Brentani, U. De (2010). Managing new product development teams in a globally dispersed NPD program. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27(7), 955–971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Sarin, S. and McDermott, C. (2003). The effect of team leader characteristics on learning, knowledge application, and performance of cross-functional new product development teams. Decision Sciences, 34 (4), 707–739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Scherer, F. M. and Huh, K. (1992) Top managers’ education and R&D investment. Research Policy, 21, 507–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Sense, A. 2007. Stimulating situated learning within projects: Personalizing the flow of knowledge. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 5, 13–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Singhal, J. and Singhal, K. (2002). Supply chains and compatibility among components in product design. Journal of Operationa Management, 20 (3), 289–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Slotegraaf, R. J. and Atuahene-Gima, K. (2011). Product development team stability and new product advantage: The role of decision-making processes. Journal of Marketing, 75, 96–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Smith, P.G., Reinertsen, D.G., and Smith, R.T. (1995). Developing Products in Half the Time. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.Google Scholar
  151. Smith, R. P. and Morrow, J. A. (1999). Product development process modeling. Design Studies, 20 (3), 237–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Song, X. M. and Parry, M. E. (1997). A cross-national comparative study of new product development processes: Japan and the United States. Journal of Marketing, 16 (2), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Stark, J. (2005). Product Lifecycle Management — 21st Century Paradigm for Product Realisation. London: Springer.Google Scholar
  154. Stevenson, H. H. and Jarillo-Mossi, J. C. (1990). A paradigm of entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial management. Strategic Management Journal, 11 (5), 17–27.Google Scholar
  155. Tang, H. K. (1999). An inventory of organizational innovativeness. Technovation, 19 (1), 41–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Teece, D. (1986). Profiting from technological innovation. Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy. Research Policy, 15, 285–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Teece, D. J. (1992). Competition, cooperation, and innovation: Organizational arrangements for regimes of rapid technological progress. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 18 (1), 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Tenenhaus, M., Vinzi, V. E., Chatelin, Y. M., and Lauro, C. (2005). PLS path modeling. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 48 (1), 159–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Terpstra, V. and Simonin, B. L. (1993). Strategic alliances in the Triad: An exploratory study. Journal of International, 1 (1), 4–25.Google Scholar
  160. Thomke, S. and Fujimoto, T. (2000). The effect of front-loading problem-solving on product development performance. Journal of Product Innovation Management17 (2), 128–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Thornhill, S. (2006). Knowledge, innovation and firm performance in high- and low-technology regimes. Journal of Business Venturing, 21 (5), 687–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Tripsas, M. (1997). Unravelling the process of creative destruction: Complementary assets and incumbent survival in typesetter industry. Strategic Management Journal, 18 (Summer Special Issue), 119–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Vermeulen, P. A., De Jong, J. P., and O’shaughnessy, K. C. (2005). Identifying key determinants for new product introductions and firm performance in small service firms. Service Industries Journal, 25 (5), 625–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Verona, G. (1999). A resource-based view of product development. Academy of Management Review, 24 (1), 132–142.Google Scholar
  165. Veryzer, R. W. (1998). Discontinuous innovation and the new product development process. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 15 (4), 304–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Wang, Tsung-Li, Fang, Lung-Ching, Wu, Wen-Hsiung, Ho, and Chin-Fu, (2009). Development of a collaborative product development framework based on centre-satellite system and service-oriented architecture. International Journal of Production Research, 47 (20), 5637–5656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Watson, T. J. (2008). Managing identity: Identity work, personal predicaments and structural circumstances. Organization, 15 (1), 121–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Wernerfelt, B. (1984). A resource-based view of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 5 (2), 171–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Wheelwright, S. C. and Clark, K. B. (1992). Revolutionizing Product Development. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  170. Whitney, D. E. (1990). Designing the design process. Research in Engineering Design, 2, 3–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Wilson, C. C., Kennedy, M. E., and Trammell, C. J. (1996). Superior Product Development: Managing the Process for Innovative Products: A Product Management Book for Engineering and Business Professionals. London: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
  172. Young, R. I. M., Gunendran, A. G., Cutting-Decelle, A. F., and Gruninger, M. (2007). Manufacturing knowledge sharing in PLM: A progression towards the use of heavy weight ontologies. International Journal of Production Research, 45 (7), 1505–1519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Zahra, S. A. and Covin, J. G. (1993). Business strategy, technology policy and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 14 (6), 451–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Zhang, C. and Dhaliwal, J. (2009). An investigation of resource-based and institutional theoretic factors in technology adoption for operations and supply chain management. International Journal of Production Economics, 120 (1), 252–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Mina Tajvidi and Azhdar Karami 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mina Tajvidi
    • 1
  • Azhdar Karami
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Bangor Business SchoolBangor UniversityUK
  2. 2.University of TabrizIran

Personalised recommendations