Advertisement

Peacebuilding through Interfaith Dialogue: The Role of Faith-based NGOs

  • Nur Uysal

Abstract

Religion is frequently considered as a factor in international conflicts (Kimball, 2011). Many scholars have argued that most conflicts are driven from frictions of cultural identity, largely based on religion. Indeed, the recent violent attacks (e.g., the Charlie Hebdo shooting in January 2015; the Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting in August 2012) seem to support the assumption that religion contributes to violent conflict around the world. However, religion can be an invaluable source in promoting understanding and reconciliation, and it can provide a foundation for peacebuilding efforts (Abu-Nimer, 2001). All of the world’s major religions have a significant strain emphasizing peace (Coward & Smith, 2004). Yet, the link between religion and peacemaking is less well documented in the literature. Religious traditions have the resources to help promote peace. Religious leaders and volunteers have proven to be key civil society actors in many efforts to resolve conflicts, serving as intermediaries or helping to facilitate peacebuilding. Coward and Smith (2004) use the term religious peacebuilding to describe the range of activities performed by religious actors and institutions for the purpose of resolving and transforming deadly conflict, with the goal of building social relations and political institutions characterized by a mission of tolerance and nonviolence (p. 6). In addition to conflict resolution, religious peacebuilding includes individual and grassroots efforts for promoting human rights and cross-cultural and interfaith dialogue.

Keywords

Conflict Resolution Mission Statement Religious Tradition Religious Leader Religious Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. M. Abu-Nimer (2001) ‘Conflict Resolution, Culture, and Religion: Toward a Training Model of Interreligious Peacebuilding’, Journal of Peace Research, 38, 685–704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. M. Abu-Nimer (2002) ‘The Miracles of Transformation through Interfaith Dialogue: Are You a Believer?’, in D. R. Smock (ed.). Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding. (Washington DC: United States Institute of Peace), p. 15–33.Google Scholar
  3. M. Abu-Nimer (2003) Nonviolence and Peace Building in Islam: Theory and Practice (Gainesville: University Press of Florida).Google Scholar
  4. M. Buber (1960) The Origin and Meaning of Hasidism (New York: Horizon Press).Google Scholar
  5. CARE (2013) Care International Core Values, http://www.care-international.org/about-us/core-values.aspx, date accessed 12 January 2014.
  6. Catholic Relief Services (2014) Mission Statement, http://crs.org/about/mission-statement/, date accessed 12 January 2014.
  7. M. Cetin (2010) The Gulen Movement: Civic Service without Borders (New York: Blue Dome Press).Google Scholar
  8. K. N. Cissna and R. Anderson (2002) Moments of Meeting: Buber, Rogers, and the Potential for Public Dialogue (New York: SUNY Press).Google Scholar
  9. G. Clarke (2006) ‘Faith Matters: Faith-based Organizations, Civil Society and International Development’, Journal of International Development, 18, 835–848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. H. Coward and G. Smith (2004) Religion and Peacebuilding. (New York: SUNY Press).Google Scholar
  11. H. R. Ebaugh (2010) The Gulen Movement: A Sociological Analysis of a Civic Movement Rooted in Moderate Islam. (New York: Springer).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. T. Gage (2013) The Hizmet Movement’s Approach to Peacebuilding in Comparison to Other Initiatives around the World, http://www.rumiforum.org/conference-seminars/call-for-paper-international-symposium-on-peace-building-and-hizmetgulen-movement.html, date accessed 25 November 2013.
  13. R. Garfinkel (2008) What Works? Evaluating Interfaith Dialogue Programs (DIANE Publishing).Google Scholar
  14. Islamic Relief (2014) Islamic Relief Mission Statement, http://www.islamic-relief.com/Whoweare/Default.aspx?depID=2, date accessed (12 January 2014).
  15. O. Keles (2007) ‘Promoting Human Rights Values in the Muslim World: the Case of the Gülen Movement,’ Gulen Conference, House of Lords, SOAS, LSE, retrieved from http://gulenmovement.info/userfiles/file/Proceedings/Prcd%20-%20Keles,%20O.pdf.
  16. C. Kimball (2011) When Religion Becomes Lethal: The Explosive Mix of Politics and Religion in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (California: Jossey-Bass).Google Scholar
  17. B. Park (2008) ‘The Fethullah Gulen Movement’, The Middle East Review of International Affairs, 12, 2–36.Google Scholar
  18. P. F. Pipes and H. R. Ebaugh (2002) ‘Faith-based Coalitions, Social Services, and Government Funding’, Sociology of Religion, 63, 49–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rumi Forum (2014) About Rumi Forum. rumiforum.org, date accessed (24 February 2014).Google Scholar
  20. Z. Saritoprak (2009) Fethullah Gülen and His Global Contribution to Peace Building, http://www.fethullahgulen.org/press-room/columns/2433-gulen-and-his-global-contribution-to-peace-building.html, date accessed 18 December 2013.
  21. D. R. Smock (ed.) (2002) Interfaith Dialogue and Peacebuilding (Washington DC: United States Institute of Peace Press).Google Scholar
  22. The Gulen Movement (2014) Gulen’s Views, http://www.gulenmovement.com, date accessed 10 January 2014.
  23. The United States Institute of Peace, Special Report 2003, Can Faith-based NGOs Advance Interfaith Reconciliation? The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/sr103.pdf, date accessed 14 February 2014.
  24. R. D. Wimmer and J. R. Dominick (2006) Mass Media Research: An Introduction, 8th edn. (Boston: Wadsworth).Google Scholar
  25. R. K. Yin (2011) Applications of Case Study Research. (Thousand Oaks: Sage).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Nur Uysal 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur Uysal

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations