Advertisement

Interrogating Cultural Excuses for and the Otherness of Australian Circus Performers: Implications for Intercultural Communication and Education

Chapter
  • 111 Downloads
Part of the Frontiers of Globalization Series book series (FOG)

Abstract

The proposition of “culture as an excuse” is assuming greater prevalence in contemporary cultural and political discourses. On the one hand, this proposition has been heavily criticised as a disguise and a pretext for infringing the inalienable human rights of particular groups, including women (Ertürk & Purkayastha, 2012; Holtmaat & Naber, 2011; Voestermans & Verheggen, 2013; see also Hallevy in this volume), deaf people (O’Rourke, Glickman, & Austen, 2013), ethnic minorities (see Lim in this volume), and foreigners in certain countries (see Rivers in this volume). It has also been posited as helping to perpetuate unhelpful cultural stereotypes, such as those pertaining to so-called Confucian cultures (Huang, 2009; Li, 2013) and as sanctioning lower expectations by teachers of children who belong to specific communities (Brown & Kraehe, 2010), as well as constituting an alibi for repressive actions by authoritarian governments (Eko, 2010) and for deeper power imbalances and structurally embedded inequities. On the other hand, some commentators recognise “culture as an excuse” as a bulwark against the forces of cultural homogenisation and globalisation and as a valuing of some of the specificities of cultural diversity (Zwart, 2012; see also Cuadrado-Fernandez in this volume).

Keywords

International Entrepreneurship Deaf People Intercultural Communication Intercultural Relation Ferris Wheel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baek, Y. M. (2010). An integrative model of ambivalence. The Social Science Journal, 47(3), pp. 609–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bauman, Z. (1991). Modernity and Ambivalence. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, K. D. (2013). Trouble on my mind: Toward a framework of humanizing critical sociocultural knowledge for teaching and teacher education. Race Ethnicity and Education, 16(3), pp. 316–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown, K. D., & Kraehe, A. M. (2010). The complexities of teaching the complex: Examining how future educators construct understandings of sociocultural knowledge and schooling. Educational Studies: A Journal of the American Educational Studies Association, 46(1), pp. 91–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bryman, A. (2012). Social Research Methods (4th ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Carmeli, Y. S. (1987a). Why does the “Jimmy Brown Circus” travel? A semiotic approach to the analysis of circus ecology. Poetics Today, 8(2), pp. 219–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carmeli, Y. S. (1987b). Played by their own play: Fission and fusion in British circuses. The Sociological Review, 35(4), pp. 744–774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carmeli, Y. S. (2001). Circus play, circus talk, and the nostalgia for a total order. Journal of Popular Culture, 35(3), pp. 157–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carmeli, Y. S. (2003). Lion on display: Culture, nature, and totality in a circus performance. Poetics Today, 24(1), pp. 65–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Danaher, G. R., & Danaher, P. A. (1999). Circuses and the commoditisation of “childhood” and “youth.” Southern Review, 32(3), pp. 336–346.Google Scholar
  11. Danaher, P. A. (1999). Learning under ferris wheels and big tops: Comparing the education of Australian show and circus people. Journal of Nomadic Studies, 2, pp. 24–31.Google Scholar
  12. Danaher, P. A. (2001). Learning on the run: Traveller education for itinerant show children in coastal and western Queensland. Unpublished Doctor of Philosophy dissertation, Faculty of Education and Creative Arts, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Qld, Australia.Google Scholar
  13. Danaher, P. A. (2010). Places and spaces for circus performers and show people as Australian migratory workers. Sociologia Ruralis, 50(3), pp. 242–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Danaher, P. A., & Danaher, G. R. (2000). From itinerancy as educational deficits to floating signifiers: Flight, enmeshment, circus and Australian youth. Youth Studies Australia, 19(1), pp. 26–30.Google Scholar
  15. Danaher, P. A., Hallinan, P. M., & Moriarty, B. J. (1999). Educating Australian circus children: Strategies to reinvigorate rural education. Education in Rural Australia, 9(1), pp. 1–8.Google Scholar
  16. Danaher, P. A., Moriarty, B. J., & Danaher, G. R. (2009). Mobile learning communities: Creating new educational futures. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Danaher, P. A., Moriarty, B. J., & Hallinan, P. M. (2000). Theorising youth and difference: Australian circus people. Youth Studies Australia, 19(2), pp. 17–21.Google Scholar
  18. Dervin, F. (2011). A plea for change in research on intercultural discourses: A “liquid” approach to the study of the acculturation of Chinese students. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 6(1), pp. 37–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dervin, F., & Layne, H. (2013). A guide to interculturality for international and exchange students: An example of hospitality? Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 8(1), pp. 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dervin, F., & Liddicoat, A. J. (Eds.) (2013). Linguistics for Intercultural Education (Language learning & language teaching vol. 33). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  21. Dervin, F., Machart, R., & Byrd Clark, J. (2012). Editorial: Towards education for diversities? International Journal of Education for Diversities, 1, pp. i–iv.Google Scholar
  22. Diochon, M., & Anderson, A. R. (2011). Ambivalence and ambiguity in social enterprise: Narratives about values in reconciling purpose and practices. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(1), pp. 93–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Eide, E. (2010). Strategic essentialism and ethnification: Hand in glove? Nordicom Review, 31(2), pp. 63–78.Google Scholar
  24. Eko, L. (2010). The art of criticism: How African cartoons discursively constructed African media realities in the post-Cold War era. Critical African Studies, 2(4), pp. 65–91.Google Scholar
  25. Ertürk, Y., & Purkayastha, B. (2012). Linking research, policy and action: A look at the work of the special rapporteur on violence against women. Current Sociology, 60(2), pp. 142–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Georgiou, M. (2013). Between strategic nostalgia and banal nomadism: Explorations of transnational subjectivity among Arab audiences. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 16(1), pp. 23–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hayes, M., & Acton, T. (Eds.) (2007). Traveller, Gypsies, Roma: The demonisation of difference. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  28. Haywood, C., & Mac an Ghaill, M. (2013). Education and masculinities: Social, cultural and global transformations. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Holliday, A. (2011). Intercultural communication and ideology. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  30. Holt, L., & Costello, L. (2011). Beyond otherness: Exploring diverse spatiali-ties and mobilities of childhood and youth populations. Population, Space and Place, 17(4), pp. 299–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Holtmaat, R., & Naber, J. (2011). Women’s Human Rights and Culture: From Deadlock to Dialogue. Antwerp, Belgium: Intersentia.Google Scholar
  32. Huang, Y. (2009). Taiwanese Confucianism: Guest editor’s introduction. Contemporary Chinese Thought, 41(1), pp. 3–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kenrick, D., & Clark, C. (1999). Moving on: The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain. Hatfield, UK: University of Hertfordshire Press.Google Scholar
  34. Lee, E. S. (2011). The epistemology of the question of authenticity, in place of strategic essentialism. Hypatia, 26(2), pp. 258–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Li, S. (2013). China’s (painful) transition from relation-based to rule-based governance: When and how, not if and why. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 21(6), pp. 567–576.Google Scholar
  36. Liégeois, J.-P. (1998). School Provision for Ethnic Minorities: The Gypsy Paradigm (Trans. S. Shuinéar). Paris and Hatfield, UK: Centre de Recherches Tsiganes, Université René Descartes and University of Hertfordshire Press.Google Scholar
  37. Machart, R., Lim, C. B., Lim, S. N., & Yamato, E. (Eds.) (2013). Intersecting Identities and Interculturality: Discourse and Practice. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  38. Macpherson, H. (2011). Navigating a non-representational research landscape and representing “under-represented groups”: From complexity to strategic essentialism (and back). Social and Cultural Geography, 12(6), pp. 544–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Magyar, A., & Robinson-Pant, A. (2011). Special issue on university inter-nationalisation: Towards transformative change in higher education. Internationalising doctoral research: Developing theoretical perspectives on practice. Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice, 17(6), pp. 663–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Moriarty, B. J. (2000). Australian circuses as cooperative communities. International Journal of Educational Research, 33(3), pp. 297–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Moriarty, B. J. (2009). Australian circus people. In P. A. Danaher, M. Kenny, & J. Remy Leder (Eds.), Traveller, Nomadic and Migrant Education (Routledge research in education vol. 24) (pp. 158–170). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  42. Morrow, W. (2009). Australian Romani. In P. A. Danaher, M. Kenny, & J. Remy Leder (Eds.), Traveller, Nomadic and Migrant Education (Routledge research in education vol. 24) (pp. 87–101). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  43. Muller Mirza, N. (2011). Civic education and intercultural issues in Switzerland: Psychosocial dimensions of an education to “otherness.” Journal of Social Science Education, 10(4), pp. 31–40.Google Scholar
  44. Murray, C. (2012). A minority within a minority? Social justice for Traveller and Roma children in ECEC. European Journal of Education, 47(4), pp. 569–583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Nederveen Pieterse, J. (2009). Globalization and Culture: Global Mélange (2nd ed.). London: Rowan & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  46. Nielsen, C. R. (2013). Frantz Fanon and the Négritude movement: How strategic essentialism subverts Manichean binaries. Callaloo, 36(2), pp. 342–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. O’Rourke, S., Glickman, N. S., & Austen, S. (2013). Deaf people in the criminal justice system: Is a culturally affirmative response possible or desirable? In N. S. Glickman (Ed.), Deaf mental health care (pp. 323–357). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  48. Phillips, A. (2010). Gender and Culture. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  49. Polak, K. (2013). Teaching about the genocide of the Roma and Sinti during the Holocaust: Chances and challenges in Europe today. Intercultural Education, 24(1–02), pp. 79–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Robson, S. (2011). Internationalization: A transformative agenda for higher education? Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice, 17(6), pp. 619–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Roy, A. (2011). “We are all students of color now.” Representations, 116(1), pp. 177–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Spivak, G. C. (1990). The Post-colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues (Ed. S. Harasym). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  53. Stephan, W. G., & White Stephan, C. (2013). Designing intercultural education and training programs: An evidence-based approach. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37(3), pp. 277–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Swanborn, P. G. (2010). Case Study Research: What, Why and How? London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  55. Voestermans, P., & Verheggen, T. (2013). Culture as Embodiment: The Social Timing of Behaviour. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Vogel, L. R. (2011). Enacting social justice: Perceptions of educational leaders. Administrative Issues Journal, 1(2), pp. 69–82.Google Scholar
  57. Wikan, U. (2002). Generous Betrayal: Politics of Culture in the New Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  58. Yin, R. K. (2012). Applications of Case Study Research (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  59. Zwart, T. (2012). Using local culture to further the implementation of international human rights: The receptor approach. Human Rights Quarterly, 34(2), pp. 546–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Patrick A. Danaher 2015

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations