Netizens, Counter-Memories, and Internet Literature into the New Millennium

  • Yipeng Shen
Part of the Chinese Literature and Culture in the World book series (CLCW)


China was first connected to the Internet in 1994. Thousands of Chinese-language websites and millions of Internet users have since emerged. In just four years, 40 million mainland Chinese people became frequent users of Internet-related services.1 In 2008 China surpassed the United States for the first time in terms of the total number of Internet users. By the end of 2012, the total reached approximately 564 million.2


Public Discourse Cultural Revolution Public Culture Historical Consciousness Chinese Literary Modernity 
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  1. 8.
    One important application of this Foucauldian idea is Lauren Berlant’s (1991) discussion of early American national imagination in literature as embodied in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter (1850). Berlant suggests that Hawthorne’s is the “fantasy-work of national identity” (2) in which different modes of identification address both the seventeenth-century North American Puritanical history and the US reality around 1850.Google Scholar

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© Yipeng Shen 2015

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  • Yipeng Shen

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