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Mao, Schmitt and the Politics of Transition

  • Qi Zheng

Abstract

The relationship of Mao’s and Schmitt’s political theories is compli cated. Some ‘similarities’ between them have already been briefly summarized (see the conclusion of Chapter 4). This chapter further presents the relationship of their theories from the perspective of the politics of transition. It will give a clear answer to the second research question set at the beginning of this book. A detailed anal ysis of Mao’s and Schmitt’s theoretical relationship can help clear up an important obstacle to the reception of Schmitt’s political theory in China. Their theoretical differences will show that it is not reasonable to deny the significance of Schmitt’s theory on the basis of the judgment that Schmitt and Mao are similar. Exploring their theo retical relationship will also give us a chance to reflect on the issue of whether Mao’s theory contributes to an understanding of the politics of transition. I argued in the first three chapters that Schmitt’s political theory is helpful in providing theoretical resources to understand the politics of transition. If there are ‘similarities’ between Schmitt and Mao, will Mao’s conception of politics as class struggle, his understanding of homogeneity and his approach to protect the political order be of comparable value to the politics of transition? If not, what are the drawbacks of Mao’s political theory?

Keywords

Political Power Political Theory Individual Freedom Political Order Class Struggle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 4.
    Mao Zedong, ‘Hunan Nongmin Yundong Kaocha Baogao’ [Report of the Peasants’ Movement in Hunan], in Mao Zedong Ji, vol. 1 (Tokyo: Hokubosha, 1983), p. 213.Google Scholar
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    Mao Zedong, ‘On Contradiction,’ in Selected Works of Mao Tse-Tung, vol. 1 (Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1965), p. 344.Google Scholar
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    Mao Zedong, ‘Zai Zhonggong Hunan Sheng Weiyuanhui Diyici Huiyi Shang de Yijian’ [Opinions at Chinese Communist Party Committee’s First Meeting at Hunan Province], p. 298.Google Scholar
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    Mao Zedong, ‘On Protracted War,’ in Mao’s Road to Power, vol. 6, ed. Stuart R. Schram (New York: Sharpe, 2004), p. 356.Google Scholar
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    Mao Zedong, ‘Carry the Revolution Through to the End’ [Jiang Geming Jinxing Daodi], in Mao Zedong Ji, vol. 10 (Tokyo: Hokubosha, 1983), pp. 202–4.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Carl Schmitt, ‘The Constitution of Freedom,’ in Weimar: A Jurisprudence of Crisis, ed. Arthur J. Jacobson and Bernhard Schlink, trans. Belinda Cooper (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000), p. 325.Google Scholar
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    Carl Schmitt, Xian Fa De Shou Hu Zhe [The Guardian of the Constitution], trans. Shu Huijie and Li Juntao (Beijing: Commercial Press, 2008), pp. 212–16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Qi Zheng 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qi Zheng
    • 1
  1. 1.East China Normal UniversityPeople’s Republic of China

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