GREED or hidden corruption

  • Jaap van Ginneken


In this chapter, we will focus on just one aspect of the relationship between power and wealth. That is to say money as a means to create and consolidate a power base. Since the advent of the democratic system, of ‘one man, one vote’, this implies the means of winning over the larger part of an elite of opinion makers and a mass of registered voters. In modem days, democracy was first introduced in North America and Western Europe, although limited to a small minority of voters at first. In the early US, the electorate only consisted of white and male voters, of course. But even more significant may have been the fact that major candidates for political office were exceedingly wealthy — even then.


Prime Minister Election Campaign Massive Corruption Secret Service Party Financing 
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  1. 5.
    Details in my chapter in Jansz, J. and P. van Drunen (eds) (2004) A Social History of Psychology (Oxford: Blackwell).Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    He was a pupil of German sociology pioneer Max Weber. See Michels’ classical text Zur Soziologie des Parteiwesens in der modernen Demokratie (1911). Like other former sympathizers of the revolutionary wing of the PSI, Michels later shifted his allegiance to the early fascists of Benito Mussolini.Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    Philip Willan, The Guardian, 20 January 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Details of their early and close relationship can be found in Stille, A. (2007) The Sack o f Rome (London: Penguin 2007).Google Scholar
  5. 15.
    Willan, P. (2002) Puppetmasters (San José, Cal.: Authors choice), Chs 3 and 4, notes considerable overlap between P2, Gladio and CIA networks in Italy (to which we will return in the chapter on power abuse).Google Scholar
  6. 28.
    Once again, the Médiapart online journal took the lead in uncovering a range of pertinent documents and testimonies. See: Arfi, F. and F. Lhomme (2010), Le Contrat (Paris: Stock). As well as the derived TV documentary L’argent, le sang et la démocratie, broadcast by the Franco-German quality channel Arte, 15 October 2013. More details in the Pièces à conviction program broadcast on the France 3 channel, 1 February 2012; and in the wider six part/six hour television documentary series Manipulations — Une histoire française by Jean-Robert Viallet, broadcast on the France 5 channel in November and December 2011.Google Scholar
  7. 33.
    Quoted in the biography Helmut Kohl by political editors Hans-Joachim Noack and Wolfram Bickerich of the newsweekly Der Spiegel (Berlin: Rowohlt 2010), p. 192.Google Scholar
  8. 38.
    See the ‘cum laude’ dissertation by Thomas Wieczorek (2003), Die Normalität der politische Korruption — Das Beispiel Leuna/Minol (‘The normality of political corruption — The example Leuna/Minol’). And also: ‘Leuna’, Welt online, 31 January 2000; ‘Der Fall Leuna’, Netzeitung, 23 July 2000, etc. A German and a French former secret service officer who served as middlemen received 256 million francs (or 40 million euros), of which some 20 per cent (or eight million euros) allegedly went to German politicians (Broussard, p. 381).Google Scholar
  9. 40.
    Walter Kohl, Leben oder gelebt werden. (München: Integral Verlag 2011). Excerpted in the newsweekly Focus. Reviews in Welt online, 24 January 2011; Spiegel online, 26 January 2011. Also see: the cover story ‘Die Familie Kohl — Ein Deutsches Drama’ (‘The Kohl family — A German drama’), in the newsweekly Der Spiegel, 11 July 2011.Google Scholar
  10. 51.
    Gore A. (2013) The Future (New York: Random House). IHT, 28 January 2013. Also on Fareed Zakaria’s program GPS on CNN, 3 Febmary 2013.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jaap van Ginneken 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaap van Ginneken
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CommunicationsUniversity of AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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