Similar, Yet Different? A Comparison of Germany and the United Kingdom
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Germany and the UK enacted legislation increasing the state pension age in the same year. This chapter shows that what looks similar at first is in fact quite different in its rationale: Germany wanted to secure the financial sustainability of its system, whereas the UK also wanted to maintain strong private and occupational sectors, but its concurrent goal was to combat pensioner poverty. Nonetheless, there are similarities across the two countries (responding to an ageing population, restoring trust, and dealing with the not entirely successful move towards privatisation). Moreover, the chapter demonstrates that it was possible to adopt such contentious reforms in both countries thanks to strong consensus-building, with commissions and consultations in the UK and with the advent of a grand coalition in Germany.
KeywordsGermany pension age reform UK
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