Female Members of Black-Society Style Criminal Organisations

Part of the Palgrave Advances in Criminology and Criminal Justice in Asia book series (PACCJA)


Since black-society style criminal organisations (BSSCO) tend to be involved with typical ‘male’ crimes — violence and serious criminality — female membership is neglected in popular, academic, and official discourses. This chapter begins with an overview of BSSCO. To place the discussions into the international criminological framework, a review of existing literature on female gang membership is provided before it discusses the empirical findings, which explore the socio-demographic profile of the female members, their motivations for participating in BSSCO, their roles in group activities, and interaction with the male associates. It concludes that the female offenders’ position in the criminal world mirrors that of Chinese women on the whole in post-Mao China.


Criminal Organisation Criminal Group Organise Crime Female Member Male Member 
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Copyright information

© Anqi Shen 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Teesside UniversityUK

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