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Associations between Mental Well-being and Personality from a Life Span Perspective

  • Katja Kokko
  • Johanna Rantanen
  • Lea Pulkkinen

Abstract

Empirical studies show that personality traits and mental well-being are associated in adulthood. On the basis of a meta-analysis of 197 samples, DeNeve and Cooper (1998) concluded that personality traits explained about 4 per cent of the variance of emotional well-being. Of the Big Five personality traits, neuroticism was the most consistently associated with emotional well-being: it contributed to low life satisfaction and happiness and to high negative affectivity. More recently, Steel, Schmidt, and Shultz (2008) found in their meta-analysis of 347 samples that the role of the Big Five personality traits in emotional well-being is even more important: 40 to 60 per cent of the variance of emotional well-being was explained by personality traits. In line with DeNeve and Cooper’s observations, neuroticism was the trait mostly highly — negatively — linked to different components of emotional well-being, such as happiness, life satisfaction, affectivity, and quality of life. Extraversion was also (positively) associated with emotional well-being, in particular with happiness, life satisfaction, and positive affect. The remaining three personality traits — conscientiousness, openness, and agreeableness — also had some significant associations with specific components of emotional well-being. Steel et al. propose that the different weight given to personality traits as predictors of emotional well-being in the two meta-analyses can be explained by differences in ways of classifying the personality traits and well-being.

Keywords

Life Satisfaction Personality Trait Behavioural Activity Developmental Trajectory Trajectory Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Katja Kokko, Johanna Rantanen, and Lea Pulkkinen 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katja Kokko
  • Johanna Rantanen
  • Lea Pulkkinen

There are no affiliations available

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