Establishment in the Bordeaux Leather Trades



Astrategic marriage to a daughter or widow of a master craftsman could launch the career of a Bordeaux patron leather tradesman. Autonomous status as a self-employed shopkeeper was the key to ascension in the social and economic hierarchy of the eighteenth-century trades. Although admission into the ranks of guild masters represented the pinnacle of achievement for most artisans, establishment in one of the leather trades also could be attained legally within the privileged sauvetats of Saint-André and Saint-Seurin or even illegitimately within the corporate sphere. Despite these extra-corporate and illicit professional avenues, ascension to the ranks of master craftsmen represented the most promising and honorable way to autonomous establishment and social and professional advancement in the eighteenth-century trades.1


Eighteenth Century Recent Immigrant Trade Community Master Craftsman Independent Enterprise 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 9.
    AD Gironde, C 1779, Délibérations de la communauté des maîtres selliers de Bordeaux, August 26, 1776, December 3, 1776, April 3, 1777; AD Gironde, C 4466, Lettre de l’Intendant Boutin au Contrôleur-Général des Finances, May 4, 1765; AD Gironde, C 1804, Délibérations de la communauté des maîtres cordonniers de Bordeaux, February 14, 1764; Vo Duc Hanh, “La corporation des cordonniers de Brest au XVIIIe siècle,” Bulletin de la société archéologique du Finistère 102 (1974), pp. 55–116.Google Scholar
  2. 18.
    M. A. Hanriot-Salazar, “La corporation (DES, Université de Bordeaux, 1970), p. 16.Google Scholar
  3. 28.
    Edward J. Shephard Jr., “Social and Geographic Mobility of the Eighteenth-Century Guild Artisan: An Analysis of Guild Receptions in Dijon, 1700–1790,” in Steven L. Kaplan and Cynthia L. Koepp, eds., Work in France: Representations, Meaning, Organization, and Practice (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986), pp. 99–100.Google Scholar
  4. 32.
    David Bien, “Offices, Corps, and a System of State Credit: The Uses of Privilege under the Ancien Régime,” in Keith Michael Baker, ed., The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture. Vol. 1 (Oxford: Pergamon, 1987), p. 92.Google Scholar
  5. 45.
    F. A. Isambert, A. J. L. Jourdan and Decrusy, eds. Recueil général des anciennes lois françaises, 23, pp. 370–376; C. B. F Boscheron des Portes, Histoire du Parlement de Bordeaux depuis sa création jusqu’à sa suppression (1451–1790) (Bordeaux: Lefebvre, 1877; reprint, Paris H. Champion, 1980), II: 341.Google Scholar
  6. 66.
    Marguerite Castell, “La formation topographique du quartier Saint-Seurin,” Revue historique de Bordeaux et du département de la Gironde 15, (1921), pp. 235–236.Google Scholar
  7. 74.
    See: Dean T. Ferguson, “The Body, the Corporate Idiom, and the Police of the Unincorporated Worker of Lyon,” French Historical Studies 23, (2000), pp. 545–575;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Haim Burstin, “Unskilled Labor in Paris at the End of the Enlightenment Century,” in Thomas M. Safely and Leonard Rosenband, eds., The Workplace before the Factory: Artisans and Proletarians, 1500–1800 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993), pp. 70–72.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Daniel Heimmermann 2014

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations