Nature, Work, Regulation, and the Bordeaux Leather-Manufacturing Economy



In May 1807, as Napoleon Bonaparte made preparations for the decisive Battle of Friedland against the Russians and the Fourth Coalition, the Emperor ordered his envoy in Hamburg to obtain desperately needed cloth and leather from England to supply the Imperial army with uniform coats, vests, caps, and shoes.1 Napoleon’s violation of his own continental blockade of Britain, instituted only 6 months earlier (November 1806), acknowledged both the strategic importance of textiles and leather and the severe shortage of these materials that afflicted the French Empire at the dawn of the nineteenth century.


Eighteenth Century Leather Industry Leather Production Tanning Process Leather Manufacturing 
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© Daniel Heimmermann 2014

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