Grover Cleveland, II

  • Max J. Skidmore
Part of the The Evolving American Presidency book series (EAP)


Cleveland was the only president to serve two terms that were not consecutive. Despite being nonconsecutive, his second term was fraught with difficulties as many presidential second terms have been. He faced severe economic disturbances, and his rigid ideology was inappropriate to deal with the depression. In labor disturbances, he used government’s power to support employers, and thus earned labor’s hatred. His own party all but disowned him. Still, he retained the authority of the presidential office, and did not weaken it, and he avoided strong partisanship by keeping the Republican reformer, Theodore Roosevelt, on the Civil Service Commission. It was a difficult presidency, but not a weak or subservient one.


Electoral Vote Democratic Nominee Presidential Office Labor Unrest Interstate Commerce 
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  1. 17.
    Matthew Algeo, The President is a Sick Man: Wherein the Supposedly Virtuous Grover Cleveland Survives a Secret Surgery at Sea and Vilifies the Courageous Newspaperman who Dared Expose the Truth, Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Max J. Skidmore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max J. Skidmore
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of MissouriUSA

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