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Rutherford B. Hayes

  • Max J. Skidmore
Chapter
  • 37 Downloads
Part of the The Evolving American Presidency book series (EAP)

Abstract

Despite his troubled election that brought jeers of “Your Fraudulency,” or “President RutherFRAUD B. Hayes,” undoubtedly Hayes was a man of integrity and ability. He worked vigorously to protect his office, battling Congress on appointments, and won. He sought to conciliate the South, and received assurance from its leaders that they would ensure black rights. In response, he withdrew the few remaining troops of occupation. Southern leaders refused to honor their commitments, and Hayes’s southern policy was a failure. He was naïve, but there was so little support remaining nationally for ensuring civil rights that perhaps no president could been successful at the time. Regardless, he was a strong and vigorous leader, and does not fit the stereotype of the weak Gilded Age president.

Keywords

Conventional Wisdom Republican Party Supreme Court Justice Postal Saving Presidential Authority 
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Notes

  1. 4.
    Harry Barnard, Rutherford B. Hayes and His America, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1954.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    Hans L. Trefousse, Rutherford B. Hayes, New York: Times Books/Henry Holt, 2002, p. 1.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Ari Hoogenboom, The Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes, Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1988, p. 213.Google Scholar
  4. 35.
    Clinton Rossiter, The American Presidency, 2nd ed., New York: Harcourt Brace and World, 1960, p. 106.Google Scholar
  5. 39.
    Richard L. McElroy, Battlefield Presidents: Zachary Taylor and Benjamin Harrison and Their America, Apparently privately printed—no place of publication or publisher provided in text or in Library of Congress listing, 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Max J. Skidmore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max J. Skidmore
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of MissouriUSA

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