• Max J. Skidmore
Part of the The Evolving American Presidency book series (EAP)


The reputation of the “Gilded Age,” the years from the end of the Civil War to the century’s end, is dismal. The stereotypes are wrong. Recent work demonstrates that they misrepresent Reconstruction and exaggerate corruption while maligning the period’s presidents (especially Grant), most of whom were strong and able leaders (including Grant). The misinformation began early, coming from reformers who resented leaders who did not recognize their superior wisdom, from former Confederates with axes to grind, and from misreading the works of Woodrow Wilson and Lord Bryce. Theses such as the “modern presidency” and “rhetorical presidency” contributed, making too many scholars too quick to assume that there was a sharp divergence between recent presidents and their predecessors, or that earlier presidents avoided political rhetoric.


Late Nineteenth Century Republican Party Political Rhetoric American President Individual President 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Max J. Skidmore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max J. Skidmore
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of MissouriUSA

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