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Discoursing on Slums: Representing the Cosmopolitan Subaltern

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Abstract

Slum dwellers are among the most disadvantaged, socially excluded communities in the twenty-first century, living at odds to or outside national and international codes of justice, experiencing diminished or non-existent human rights — whether individual, collective or cultural — inequality and dehumanization in the workplace. New levels of poverty, violence and precarity — the experience of ‘ambient insecurity’ (Horning n.p.) caused by the transfer of state responsibilities for welfare and development to market forces — exist for disenfranchised subjects whose living conditions are produced by and inserted into the production of globalization. As Gayatri Spivak points out:

Economic restructuring … removes the barriers between national and international capital, so that the same system of exchange can be established globally … But now, with state priorities increasingly altered, redistributive justice through constitutionality is less and less easy, if not impossible. Philanthropy is now coming top down from the international civic society — the state is being de facto (and sometimes de jure) unconstitutional because it is asked to be managerial and take free-market imperatives. (52–54)

Keywords

Television Show Slum Dweller Quiz Question Postcolonial Study Slum Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Janet Wilson 2015

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