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Secular Politics and Academic Condemnation at Oxford, 1358–1411

  • Andrew E. Larsen
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)

Abstract

From 1277 to 1409, a series of academic condemnations took place at Oxford, in which various scholars were accused of erroneous or heretical teaching. An exact count of these cases is hard to offer, since in some cases a scholar’s ideas were condemned without the scholar himself being named or targeted, while in one case multiple scholars were targeted simultaneously, while John Wyclif was the focus of a number of condemnation efforts, most unsuccessful. But an approximate count, treating all the cases dealing with John Wyclif as a single matter, is that there were 11 condemnations involving Oxford scholars.

Keywords

Political Connection Fourteenth Century House Arrest Parish Priest Medieval Theologian 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    For a summary of all these cases, see Andrew E. Larsen, “Academic Condemnation and the Decline of Theology at Oxford,” History of Universities 23 (2008): 1–32. For a full study of these cases, see my The School of Heretics: Academic Condemnation at Oxford, 1277–1409 (Leiden: Brill, 2011).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
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  10. 5.
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  19. 9.
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  21. 11.
    The actions of the later sessions of the Blackfriars Council can be found in Wilkins, Concilia Magnae Britanniae et Hiberniae, 3: 160–73; Records of Convocation, ed. Gerald Bray, 6 vols. (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2005–6), 4: 45–58; Fasc. Ziz., 289–336. For a summary of the events, see Dahmus, The Prosecution of John Wyclyf, 89–128; Dahmus, William Courtenay, 78–106;Google Scholar
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  25. 26.
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  29. 30.
    John Wyclif, De civili dominio, ed. Johann Loserth, Reginald Lane Poole and F. D. Matthew, 4 vols. (London: Trübner, 1900), 2.7.Google Scholar
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  32. 33.
    Takashi Shogimen, “Academic Controversies,” in The Medieval Theologians, ed. G. R. Evans (Oxford: Blackwell, 2001), 233–49 at 236–7. Super cathedram deals with a variety of issues, including mendicant burial rights, which do not appear to have been part of this particular controversy;Google Scholar
  33. see Thomas Izbicki, “The Problem of Canonical Portion in the Later Middle Ages: The Application of Super cathedram,” in Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, ed. Peter Linehan (Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1988), 459–73.Google Scholar
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  38. 35.
    For one of these so-called wax doctors, John Nutone, see Munimenta, 207–8, Alfred B. Emden, Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A. D. 1500, 3 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1957–1959), 2: 1380.Google Scholar
  39. 36.
    Gwynn, English Austin Friars, 80–9. See also Walsh, Fourteenth-Century Scholar and Primate, 349–451; Edith Wilks Dolnikowski, “FitzRalph and Wyclif on the Mendicants,” Michigan Academician 19 (1987): 87–100;Google Scholar
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  41. 41.
    Although Hardeby wrote De vita evangelica during this period, he did not publish it until 1385, contrary to the conventional dating of the work; see Benedict Hackett, William Flete, O.S.A., and Catherine of Siena (Villanova: Augustinian Press, 1992), 27–32.Google Scholar
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  43. 45.
    For the proceedings against Foullechat, see Chartularium Universitatis Parisiensis, ed. Heinrich Denifle and Emile Chatelaine, 4 vols. (Paris: ex typis fratrum Delalain, 1889–97), 3: 114–24, 182–6. See also McLaughlin, Intellectual Freedom and Its Limitations in the University of Paris in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries, 228–30;Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Karen Bollermann, Thomas M. Izbicki, and Cary J. Nederman 2014

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  • Andrew E. Larsen

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