United Opt Out National and the Resistance of High-Stakes Standardized Testing

  • Shaun Johnson
  • Tim Slekar
Part of the Digital Education and Learning book series (DEAL)


This chapter will detail the creation of a grassroots “digital coalition” using social media and writing in non-traditional publications, namely, online newspapers, education blogs, podcasting, and editorials. “United Opt Out National” is an organization supportive of “opting out” of high-stakes standardized testing, a legal act of civic disobedience, as way to force the negative effects of reforms mandated by No Child Left Behind into the national conversation. This organization, which is successfully encouraging smaller opt out movements covered on CNN and Fox, is meant to be a warehouse of information and advocacy, providing parents, educators, and students the advice they need to preserve our system of free and equitable public education.


Public School Civil Disobedience Melinda Gate Foundation National Conversation Adequate Yearly Progress 
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  1. Klein, N. (1918). Fourth Session Address. Proceedings of the third biennial convention of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Baltimore, MD, May 13–18. Retrieved from Scholar

Copyright information

© Alison Heron-Hruby and Melanie Landon-Hays 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaun Johnson
  • Tim Slekar

There are no affiliations available

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