New and Future GM Crop Applications

Part of the Palgrave Studies in Agricultural Economics and Food Policy book series (AEFP)


The previous chapter has shown that the cultivation of GM crops has increased rapidly during the last 20 years with sizeable areas in North and South America, Asia, and to a lesser extent in Africa. However, of the 182 million hectares under GM crops in 2014, 99 percent were grown with only four different crop species (soybean, maize, cotton, and canola) and two modified traits (herbicide tolerance and insect resistance). Almost all of the GM crops available so far were developed and commercialized by the private sector.


Smallholder Farmer International Rice Research Institute Herbicide Tolerance Important Staple Food Micronutrient Malnutrition 
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© Matin Qaim 2016

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