Gypsies under Surveillance

  • Gül Özateşler


The development of Gypsy/Roma studies is intimately related to the intensification of the Roma issue in the European political context. This process was enhanced by the collapse of the Soviet Union, the transformation to a market economy in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, and the integration of the CEE countries into the rest of Europe.1 As these countries gained access to the EU membership, the Gypsy people came to constitute the largest minority.2


Social Exclusion National Identity Turkish State Minority Position Gypsy Group 
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    The international Roma movement started in the 1960s. For the intensification of Roma politics from the national to the international level, see Ilona Klimova-Alexander, “The Development and Institutionalization of Romani Representation and Administration. Part 3b: From National Organizations to International Umbrellas (1945–1970)-the International Level,” Nationalities Papers 35, no. 4 (September 2007): 627–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Suat Kolukırık, “Perceptions of Identity Amongst the Tarlabaşi Gypsies, Izmir,” in Gypsies and the Problem of Identities; Contextual, Constructed and Contested, edited by Adrian Marsh and Elin Strand (Istanbul: Swedish Research Institute, 2006), 136.Google Scholar
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