On August 1, 2013 the Turkish-Armenian weekly newspaper Agos published an important story. An Armenian citizen who wanted to enroll her son in an Armenian school was told that, according to the rules, the family should contact the state authorities and document that the child was in fact a member of a religious minority. The family’s lawyer proceeded with this routine application. So far, all was fine. It was only when the family received a letter from the istanbul Provincial Education Directorate that they realized that the Turkish state had been secretly coding its non-Muslim citizens. According to the official letter, “since 1923, the secret code of Armenians is ‘2’ on identity registration certificates” while Jewish citizens were coded “3” and the Greek-Orthodox “1.”


Political Elite Shopping Mall Turkish State Secret Code Forced Resettlement 
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© Yeşim Bayar 2014

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