The Ottoman Empire and the Road to the Republic
The link between the Ottoman Empire and the early republican period has been, until recently, ignored in scholarly literature. As a result the birth of the Turkish Republic has been represented as some form of “immaculate conception” (Deringil 1993: 165). This chapter follows the recent efforts by social scientists to contextualize the analysis of the republican era through an examination of the significant developments during the late Ottoman Empire. Undoubtedly, the empire was not a static entity, and over time there were a series of shifts in the way that state-society relations were reconfigured and institutional structures set up (Quataert 2005). Rather than providing a lengthy examination of these changes, however, the aim of the present chapter is limited to a discussion of the central developments as they relate to the core issues of this book.
KeywordsImperial Center Imperial Structure Muslim Population Nationalist Movement Turkish Republic
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