Alternatives to Globalization Addressing People and Earth: A Feminist Theological Reflection on Women, Economy, and Creation

  • Pamela K. Brubaker


This chapter reimagines ways of doing theology and the doctrine of creation in light of global gender injustice, which is linked to the structural violence of neoliberal economic globalization, climate change, and other forms of ecological devastation. It presents a contextual, ecumenical, transformative theological reflection on women, economy, and creation based on the AGAPE (Alternatives to Globalization Addressing People and Earth) process of the World Council of Churches and its Programme on Women and Globalization. The contributions of feminist theology and economics to this work are highlighted. A reimagined doctrine of creation, grounded in a critical retrieval of the concept of oikonomia, gives a sense of urgency to the call for radical transformation of structures and cultures of domination and destruction.


World Trade Organization Structural Violence Christian Doctrine Caring Economy Theological Reflection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. “African Women’s Statement on Poverty, Wealth and Ecology” African Women’s Hearing on Poverty, Wealth and Ecology, November, 05-06, 2007, Dar es Salaam Tanzania.
  2. Brubaker, Pamela K. “Gender and Society: Competing Visions of Women’s Activism, Spirituality, and Scholarship” in Women and Religion in the World Series: Christianity, eds, Cheryl Kirk-Duggan and Karen Jo Torjeson, Santa Barbara, CA, Praeger, 2010, 93–114.Google Scholar
  3. Brubaker, Pamela K. “Sisterhood, Solidarity and Feminist Ethics” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 9 (1-2) (1993): 53–65.Google Scholar
  4. Ferguson, Ann. “Feminist Perspectives on Class and Work” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2010)
  5. Gebara, Ivone. “Ecofeminism: An Ethics of Life” in Ecofeminism and Globalization: Exploring Culture, Context, and Religion, eds, Heather Eaton and Lois Ann Lorentzen, London: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2003, 163–176.Google Scholar
  6. Gilkey, Langdon. Maker of Heaven and Earth: The Christian Doctrine of Creation in the Light of Modern Knowledge. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1959.Google Scholar
  7. Hutchinson, Frances, Mary Mellor, and Wendy Olsen. The Politics of Money: Towards Sustainability and Economic Democracy. London: Pluto Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  8. Lorentzen, Lois Ann. “Indigenous Feet: Ecofeminism, Globalization, and the Case of Chiapas” in Ecofeminism and Globalization: Exploring Culture, Context, and Religion, eds, Heather Eaton and Lois Ann Lorentzen, London: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2003, 57–71.Google Scholar
  9. Meeks, Douglas M. “Economy and Christianity” in The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity, ed., Daniel Patte, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 346–347.Google Scholar
  10. Moghadam, Valentine M. Globalizing Women: Transnational Feminist Networks. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
  11. Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. “Cartographies of Struggle” in Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism, eds, Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Ann Russo and Lourdes Torres, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991, 1–47.Google Scholar
  12. Peralta, Athena. Á Caring Economy: A Feminist Contribution to the Agape Process. Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2005.Google Scholar
  13. Visser’t Hooft, W.W. (ed.) The First Asssembly of the World Council of Churches: Official Report. London: SCM Press, 1949.Google Scholar
  14. Wong, Wai Ching Angela. “Women Doing Theology with the Asian Ecumenical Movement” in Hope Abundant: Third World and Indigenous Women’s Theology, ed., Kwok Puilan, Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2010, 36–50.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Grace Ji-Sun Kim and Jenny Daggers 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela K. Brubaker

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations