What is the best way to assess democratisation? Why is an alternative approach needed? To answer these questions, it is fruitful to begin with concepts that most readers can agree on. Pioneers Guillermo O’Donnell and Philippe Schmitter define democratisation as

the process whereby the rules and procedures of citisenship are either applied to political institutions previously governed by other principles (e.g. coercive control, social tradition, expert judgement or administrative practice), or expanded to include persons not previously enjoying such rights and obligations (e.g. nontaxpayers, illiterates, women, youth, ethnic minorities, foreign residents) or extended to cover issues and institutions not previously subject to citizen participation (e.g. state agencies, military establishments, partisan organizations, interests associations, productive enterprises, educational institutions, etc.). (1986, p. 8)


Civil Society Liberal Democracy Civil Society Organisation Public Affair Land Reform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Olle Törnquist 2013

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