Advertisement

Stumbling over the First Hurdle? Exploring Notions of Critical Citizenship

  • Elmarie Costandius
  • Margaret Blackie
  • Brenda Leibowitz
  • Ian Nell
  • Rhoda Malgas
  • Sophia Olivia Rosochacki
  • Gert Young

Abstract

In South Africa the legacy of apartheid still lingers. It is most evident in the income disparity between white and black populations. The mean income of South African blacks (here the term “black” does not include those of colored [mixed race] or Indian descent) has increased at a greater rate in real terms since 1994 compared to other ethnic groups in the country. Nonetheless, the mean expenditure per black household is still approximately five times lower than that of a white household (Ozler 2007). Whilst a single measure cannot hold the complexity of the lived experience of a nation, it remains a fair indicator of the continuing economic disparity.

Keywords

Critical Thinking Civic Engagement Black Student Critical Consciousness Citizenship Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andreotti, V. 2006. “Soft versus Critical Global Citizenship Education.” Policy & Practice: A Development Education Review 3 (Autumn): 40–51.Google Scholar
  2. Burbules, N. C., and Berk, R. 1999. “Critical Thinking and Critical Pedagogy: Relations, Differences, and Limits.” In Critical Theories in Education: Changing Terrains of Knowledge and Politics, edited by T. S. Popkewitz and L. Fender. New York: Routledge. 45–65.Google Scholar
  3. Creswell, J. W. 2005. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  4. Department of Education (DoE). 1997. Programme for the Transformation on Higher Education: Education White Paper 3 (Government Gazette No. 18207). Edited by DoE, Pretoria.Google Scholar
  5. Ennis, R. H. 2011. “Critical Thinking: Reflection and Perspective, Part I.” Inquiry: Critical thinking across the Disciplines 26 (1): 4–18.Google Scholar
  6. Enslin, P. 2003. “Citizenship Education in Post-Apartheid South Africa.” Cambridge Journal of Education 33 (1): 73–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Erasmus, P. 2009. “The Unbearable Burden of Diversity.” Acta Academica 41 (4): 40–55.Google Scholar
  8. Freire, P. 1983. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  9. Furco, A. 2010. “The Engaged Campus: Toward a Comprehensive Approach to Public Engagement.” British Journal of Educational Studies 58 (4): 375–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Giliomee, H. 2003. “The Making of the Apartheid Plan, 1929–1948.” Journal of Southern African Studies 29 (1): 373–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Glaser, E. 1942. “An Experiment in the Development of Critical Thinking.” The Teachers College Record 43 (5): 409–410.Google Scholar
  12. Hartley, M., Saltmarsh, J., and Clayton, P. 2010. “Is the Civic Engagement Movement Changing Higher Education?” British Journal of Education 58 (4): 391–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hasan, Z., and Nussbaum, M. 2012. Equalizing Access: Affirmative Action in Higher Education: India, US, and South Africa. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Johnson, L., and Morris, P. 2010. “Towards a Framework for Critical Citizenship Education.” Curriculum Journal 21 (1): 77–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mabokela, R. O. 2000. Voices of Conflict: Desegregating South African Universities. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.Google Scholar
  16. Ngyende, A. 2012. Census 2011. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa.Google Scholar
  17. Nussbaum, M. 2002. “Education for Citizenship in an Era of Global Connection.” Studies in Philosophy and Education 21: 289–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nussbaum, M. 2010. Not for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Osler, A., and Starkey, H. 2003. “Learning for Cosmopolitan Citizenship: Theoretical Debates and Young People’s Experiences.” Educational Review 55 (3): 243–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ozler, B. 2007. “Not Separate, Not Equal: Poverty and Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 55 (3): 487–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ramphele, M. 2001. “Citizenship Challenges for South Africa’s Young Democracy.” Daedalus 130 (1): 1–17.Google Scholar
  22. Reddy, T. 2004. Higher Education and Social Transformation: South Africa Case Study. Cape Town: University of Cape Town.Google Scholar
  23. Schuitema, J., Ten Dam, G., and Veugelers, W. 2008. “Teaching Strategies for Moral Education: A Review.” Journal of Curriculum Studies 40 (1): 69–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Seekings, J. 2008. “The Continuing Salience of Race: Discrimination and Diversity in South Africa.” Journal of Contemporary African Studies 26 (1): 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sen, A. 2004. “How to Judge Globalism.” In The Globalization Reader, edited by F. Lechner and J. Boli. Oxford: Blackwell. 16–21.Google Scholar
  26. Thomas, D. 1996. “Education across Generations in South Africa.” The American Economic Review 86 (2): 330–334.Google Scholar
  27. Vale, P., and Jacklin, H. 2009. Re-Imagining the Social in South Africa, Critique, Theory and Post-Apartheid Society. Durban: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.Google Scholar
  28. Waghid, Y. 2004. “Compassion, Citizenship and Education in South Africa: An Opportunity for Transformation?” International Review of Education 50 (5–6): 525–542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Walker, M. 2005. “Rainbow Nation or New Racism? Theorizing Race and Identitfy Formation in South African Higher Education.” Race Ethnicity and Education 8 (2): 129–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wallerstein, I. 2004. “The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System.” In The Globalization Reader, edited by F. Lechner and J. Boli. Oxford: Blackwell. 63–69.Google Scholar
  31. Westbrook, R. B. 1993. John Dewey and American Democracy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martin Davies and Ronald Barnett 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elmarie Costandius
  • Margaret Blackie
  • Brenda Leibowitz
  • Ian Nell
  • Rhoda Malgas
  • Sophia Olivia Rosochacki
  • Gert Young

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations