‘With the Papists They Have Much in Common’: Trans-Atlantic Protestant Communalism and Catholicism, 1700–1850

  • Philip Lockley
Part of the Christianities in the Trans-Atlantic World, 1500–1800 book series (CTAW)


In the proverbial Puritan mind’s eye, two visions were frequently at play: the ‘godly community’ in the present and the ‘millennial world’ of the future. By ‘godly community’ early separatist Pilgrims to Massachusetts meant not only a purified ecclesia — a fully-reformed Church of Christ — but also an authentic polity of God’s elect in the wilderness, freed from the clutches of ‘ungodly’ Europe. Among more moderate Calvinist clergy, gentry and artisans, in Britain and later New England, a broader commonwealth and Reformed Church on an inclusive parish model retained the concept of the covenanting community and, in places, the restriction of political rights to male church members. These duly bound ideas of godliness with citizenship and obedience to divine commands with social reciprocity.


Communal Tradition Harmony Society Spirit Possession Religious Revival Documentary History 
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© Philip Lockley 2015

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  • Philip Lockley

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