Probing the Responsibility to Protect’s Civilian Dimension: What Can Non-Military Sanctions Achieve?
The ritual reminder that the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) is about “more than military intervention” has accompanied academic and political debates about the concept ever since its invention in the 1990s (Bellamy, 2009; Evans, 2008; Thakur, 2002). Nevertheless, the RtoP’s civilian dimension has never received the critical attention it deserves, particularly in discussions about the international community’s “third pillar” responsibility to enforce the protection of vulnerable populations in humanitarian emergencies.
KeywordsSecurity Council International Criminal Military Intervention Criminal Sanction Economic Sanction
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