Opposing Movements and Islamophobia in The Guardian Comment Is Free
The ways in which social movements represent their campaigns and their messages affects the level of support movements are able to gather from potential recruits and the public in general (Dugan, 2008: 317). Generating support and mobilizing public constituencies is challenging for social movements. They have to compete with other social actors in a struggle over defining the contentious issue at hand, such as the ‘War on Terror’. The public sphere is structured in such a way as to favour political elites rather than social movements. Journalists often reflect the views of the political establishment; therefore, the dominant definition of the ‘War on Terror’ within the mainstream political discourse is likely to more closely reflect the established elite positions (Koopmans and Statham, 2000: 35).
KeywordsSocial Movement Muslim Woman Muslim Community Civil Society Actor Movement Leader
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