Eco-Efficiency and Eco-Design — A First Step toward Sustainable Performance
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Do you know how many liters of water are necessary to produce 1 kg of beefsteak? And a 250 ml glass of wine? And half a kilogram of bread? And a pack of 500 sheets of paper?
KeywordsSupply Chain Fair Trade Sulfur Oxide Water Footprint Life Cycle Analysis
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- 23.Based on a case proposed by the eco-calculator developed by the Bio Intelligence Service and Ademe, available at http://www.ecocalculateur.com/guide-eco-conception/fondamen taux-eco-conception/cycle-de-vie-du-produit, accessed on October 10, 2012.
- 24.This example is written based on the Ben & Jerry’s Social & Environment Assessment Report 2010, http://www.benjerry.com/company/sear-reports, accessed on July 11, 2013.
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- The reader will find a thorough discussion in the first part on motivational factors structured on egocentric, pro-social and biospheric values (see p. 23) and strategies for perceived-risk reduction related to eco-design (p. 33 and on).Google Scholar
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- 41.Around 81,000 hectares.Google Scholar
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- 49.WWF-UK (2011) Green Game-Changers: 50 Innovations to Inspire Business Transformation, p. 88, available at http://www.wwf.org.uk/what_we_do/working_with_business/green_game_changers/, accessed on February 6, 2013.
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© Christophe Sempels and Jonas Hoffmann 2013