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The Authorities of Autonomy and English Only: Serving Whose Interests?

  • Damian J. Rivers

Abstract

One could make the argument that many modern-day democracies, despite appearing to promote the expansion of individual freedoms and liberties, demonstrate a more substantive interest in maintaining a status quo in which authorities are able to reduce individual freedoms and liberties unopposed under the rhetorical guise of the powerful acting in the best interests of the powerless. While this claim may seem quite fanciful to some readers, the observation that the dynamics of many modern-day democracies reflect a push-and-pull relationship between facets of democracy and facets of dictatorship (see McLaren, 2008; McCormick, 2011; Sharp, 2002) cannot be so easily contested. Indeed, the term ‘democracy’, as one associated with struggle and hope, is ‘the word that resonates in people’s minds and springs from their lips as they struggle for freedom and a better way of life’ (Schmitter and Karl, 1991: 114).

Keywords

Foreign Language Language Policy Autonomous Action Individual Freedom Extrinsic Reward 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Damian J. Rivers 2015

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  • Damian J. Rivers

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