Skip to main content

Democracy and Change as Transaction

  • Chapter
  • 55 Accesses

Part of the Breaking Feminist Waves book series (BFW)

Abstract

A feminist-pragmatist conception of selfhood posits selves as agents, who are able to realize change, and who are therefore responsible for transforming oppressive systems.1 While extreme victimization of course diminishes one’s capacity to effect change,2 living in oppressive systems does not render one totally consumed by patriarchal norms, that is, one is still endowed with habits relatively unaffected by said norms. When these habits clash with their oppressive counterparts, the possibility for change arises, and the dynamic-yet-stable self may be spurred to explore the protracted doubt of one’s life, thereby resulting in raised consciousness.

Keywords

  • Cooperative Inquiry
  • Private Sphere
  • Communicative Difference
  • Democratic Deliberation
  • Oppressive System

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Inclusion ought not to mean simply the formal and abstract equality of all members of the polity as citizens. It means explicitly acknowledging social differentiations and divisions and encouraging differently situated groups to give voice to their needs, interests, and perspectives on the society in ways that meet conditions of reasonableness and publicity.

—Young, Inclusion and Democracy

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1057/9781137342720_6
  • Chapter length: 38 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   69.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-137-34272-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   89.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. Bar On, B.-A. and Ferguson, A., Daring to Be Good: Essays in Feminist Ethico-Politics, Routledge, London, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  2. I follow Kate Millett, amongst others, in linking power and politics— see Millett, K., Sexual Politics, Rupert Hart-Davis, London, 1971, p. 23.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Schofield, “Aristotle’s Political Ethics” in The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Kraut, R. (ed.), Blackwell, Oxford, 2006, p. 305.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Tronto, J., Moral Boundaries: A Political Argument for an Ethics of Care, Routledge, London, 1993, p. 38.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Dewey, J., Individualism, Old and New in John Dewey: The Later Works, 1925–1953, Vol. 5: 1929–1930, Boydston, J. A. (ed.), Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale & Edwardsville, 1984, p. 96.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Bartky, S. L., “Skin Deep: Femininity as a Disciplinary Regime” in Daring to Be Good: Essays in Feminist Ethico-Politics, Bar On, B.-A. and Ferguson, A. (eds.), Routledge, London, 1998, p. 15.

    Google Scholar 

  7. For more on this see Daley, C. and Nolan, M. (eds.), Suffrage and Beyond: International Feminist Perspectives, New York University Press, New York, 1994.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Dewey, J., Liberalism and Social Action in John Dewey: The Later Works, 1925–1953, Vol. 11: 1935–1937, Boydston, J. A. (ed.), Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale & Edwardsville, 1987, p. 44.

    Google Scholar 

  9. An interesting discussion of the charge of social engineering can be found in Kaufman-Osborn, T. V., “Pragmatism, Policy Science and the State” in John Dewey: Critical Assessments, Vol. 2, Tiles, J. E. (ed.), Routledge, London, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  10. For more on gendered citizenship as it exists across demarcations of public and private, see Pateman, C., The Sexual Contract, Polity Press, Cambridge, 1988;

    Google Scholar 

  11. and Okin, S. M., Justice, Gender and the Family, Basic Books, New York, 1989.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Young, I. M., Inclusion and Democracy, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2000.

    Google Scholar 

  13. See, amongst others, Habermas, J., The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol. 1, Reason and the Rationalization of Society, Heinemann, London, 1984;

    Google Scholar 

  14. Habermas, J., The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol. 2, Life World and Systems: A Critique of Functionalist Reason, Polity, Cambridge, 1987;

    Google Scholar 

  15. and Habermas, J., Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action, Polity, Cambridge, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  16. See Ratner, S. (ed.), The Philosopher of the Common Man: Essays in Honour of John Dewey to Celebrate His Eightieth Birthday, G. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York, 1940.

    Google Scholar 

  17. For more on consciousness see Dewey, J., “‘Consciousness’ and Experience” in The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays, Henry Holt & Co., New York, 1910;

    Google Scholar 

  18. For more on Dewey’s pluralism and contextualism, see Rosenthal, S. B., “The Individual, the Community, and the Reconstruction of Values” in Philosophy and the Reconstruction of Culture: Pragmatic Essays after Dewey, Stuhr, J. (ed.), State University of New York, Albany, 1993;

    Google Scholar 

  19. and Bernstein, R. J., “Community in the Pragmatic Tradition” in The Revival of Pragmatism: New Essays on Social Thought, Law, and Culture, Dickstein, M. (ed.), Duke University Press, Durham & London, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Addams, J., Democracy and Social Ethics, Seigfried, C. H. (ed.), University of Illinois Press, Urbana & Chicago, 2002, Chapter 1.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Addams, J., The Long Road of Woman’s Memory, Seigfried, C. H. (ed.), University of Illinois Press, Urbana & Chicago, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  22. For more on the influences on Addams’s writing and style, see Joslin, K., “Reading Jane Addams in the Twenty-first Century” in Feminist Interpretations of Jane Addams, Hamington, M. (ed.), 2010.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Notably, Seigfried draws attention to Addams’s pragmatic method—see, for example, Seigfried, C. H., “Introduction to the Illinois Edition” in Democracy and Social Ethics, University of Illinois Press, Urbana & Chicago, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Melton, D. H., “Making Character Disposition Matter in Iris Young’s Deliberative Democracy” in Dancing with Iris: The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young, Ferguson, A. and Nagel, M. (eds.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009, p. 174.

    Google Scholar 

  25. McAfee, N., “Democracy’s Normativity,” Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2008, p. 264.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Copyright information

© 2014 Clara Fischer

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Fischer, C. (2014). Democracy and Change as Transaction. In: Gendered Readings of Change. Breaking Feminist Waves. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137342720_6

Download citation