Mutual assistance and charitable acts in times of need is a Vietnamese tradition, passed from generation to generation. Popular Vietnamese proverbs remind citizens of their responsibility to the community, such as ‘If you see the poor, give them compassion. Offer warm clothes to those battling in the cold and food to people who are hungry.’ The first recorded policies encouraging philanthropy date back to the 15th century, when King Le Thanh Tong reduced the paddy tax on wealthy families for their assistance to the poor. Later, the Nguyen Dynasty promoted compassion funds to help poor families suffering from famine or crop failures. Some early philanthropists were even rewarded with memorials or political positions by Vietnam’s monarchy (Nguyen-Marshall, 2008). The tradition of giving since then has remained alive and a part of everyday life and culture in Vietnamese society.
- Civil Society
- Civil Society Organization
- Corporate Philanthropy
- Mass Organization
- Vietnamese Society
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
APPC (2002). Investing in Ourselves: Giving and Fundraising in Asia. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.asia-studies.com/reg.html.
Bui, T.H. (2013). The development of civil society and dynamics of governance in Vietnam’s one party rule. Global Change, Peace and Security: Formerly Paciflca Review: Peace, Security & Global Change, 25(1), pp. 77–93.
CIMIGO (2012). Philanthropic Attitudes & Sentiments in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.linvn.org/cms/upload/FCKFile/LIN-CIMIGOpercent20Philanthropypercent20Reportpercent20Julypercent202012.pdf.
Corporate Income Tax Law (CIT), also known as the Law on Enterprise Income Tax (No. 14/2008/QH12), pursuant to the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (2008).
General Statistics Office of Vietnam (n.d.). Homepage. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.gso.gov.vn.
Gillespie, J. (2008). Localizing global rules: Public participation in lawmaking in Vietnam. Law & Social Inquiry, 33(3), pp. 1–35.
Kerkvliet, B.J., Nguyen, Q.A., & Bach, T.S. (2008). Forms of Engagement between State Agencies and Civil Society Organizations in Vietnam: Study Report. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.ngocentre.org.vn/files/docs/Forms_of_Engagement_FINAL_COMPLETE.pdf.
LIN (2009). Corporate Philanthropy in Ho Chi Minh City: An Update on the Status of Corporate Giving in Vietnam Based on Interviews with 44 Companies. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.linvn.org/cms/upload/FCKFile/file/LINpercent20percent20Corporatepercent20Philanthropypercent20inpercent20HCMCpercent20Dec2009_FINAL.pdf.
Lữ, P. (2008). Xã Hội Công Dân: Từ triệt tiêu đến phục hồi [Civil Society: From Annulment to Restoration] (Presented paper). Canberra, Vietnam: Department of Political and Social Change.
Merrill, Lynch. (2011). World Wealth Report 2011. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.ml.com/media/114235.pdf.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs [Bộ ngoại giao] (n.d.). Homepage. Retrieved August, 2, 2014, from http://www.mofa.gov.vn/vi/.
Monsters & Critics (2008). Vietnam, India and China See Fastest Growth in New Millionaires. Retrieved August 2, 2014, from http://news.monstersandcritics.com/business/news/article_1433186.php/Vietnam_India_and_China_see_fastest_growth_in_new_millionaires_.
Nguyen-Marshall, V. (2008). In Search of Moral Authority: The Discourse on Poverty, Poor Relief, and Charity in French Colonial Vietnam. New York: P. Lang.
Norlund, I. (2007). Filling the Gap: The Emerging Civil Society in Vietnam. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.undp.org.vn/detail/publications/publicationdetails/?contentId=2230SdanguageId=1.
Personal Income Tax Law (PIT), also known as the Law on Personal Income Tax (No. 04/2007/QH12), (2007).
Pew Research Center (2012). The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.pewforum.org/global-religious-landscape.aspx.
Powell, W.W., & Steinberg, R. (2006). The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Resolution No. 51/2001/QH10 of 25 December 2001 on amendments and supplements to a number of articles of the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Russin, Hoang Thi Bich Ngoc, & Vecchi, Sesto. (2012). Memo: Forms of NPO Establishment in Vietnam. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.linvn.org/cms/upload/FCKFile/file/R&Vpercent20Memopercent20-percent20Formspercent20ofpercent20NPOpercent20Establishmentpercent20inpercent20Vietnampercent20percent28revisedpercent29percent20Oct2012.pdf.
Salamon, L.M., & Anheier, H.K. (1998). Social origins of civil society: Explaining the nonprofit sector cross-nationally. Voluntas, 9(3), pp. 213–248.
Sidel, M. (1996). Corporate philanthropy in Vietnam: Initial data and initial problems. In D. Duffy (Ed.), North Viet Nam Now: Fiction and Essays from Hanoi (pp. 246–260). New Haven, CT: Yale University Council on Southeast Asia Studies.
Sidel, M., (1997a). The new corporate philanthropy in Vietnam. Alliance. The Journal of Corporate Philanthropy, 2, pp. 77–84.
Sidel, M. (1997b). The emergence of a voluntary sector and philanthropy in Vietnam: Functions, legal regulation and prospects for the future. Voluntas, 8(3), pp. 283–302.
Sidel, M. (2007). Vietnamese-American diaspora philanthropy to Vietnam. In Paula Johnson (Ed.), Diaspora Philanthropy: New Roles and Emerging Models. The Philanthropic Initiative and Global Equity Initiative (pp. 1–24). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sidel, M. (2010). Maintaining firm control: Recent developments in nonprofit law and regulation in Vietnam. The International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law, 12, pp. 52–67.
Sidel, M., & Nguyen, T.B.D. (2012). Vietnam Country Information. United States International Grantmaking by the Council on Poundations. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.usig.org/countryinfo/vietnam.asp.
Silk, T. (1999). Philanthropy and Law in Asia: A Comparative Study of the Nonprofit Legal Systems in Ten Asia Pacific Societies. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Social Economic Development Plan of Vietnam 2006–2010 (n.d.). Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.isgmard.org.vn/Informationpercent20Service/Legalpercent20docs/General/sedp_edited_eng_16_3.pdf.
Thang, V.P. (2010). Tổng quan về hội tổ chức phi chính phủ và thể chế pháp lý cho các tổ chức xã hội ở Việt Nam [An Overview of Associations, NGOs, and Legal Framework for Social Organizations in Vietnam] (Presentation). Hanoi, Vietnam: Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Association.
The Asia Foundation and the Vietnam Asia Pacific Economic Center (TAF) (2011). Philanthropy in Vietnam. Retrieved August, 2014, from http://asiafoundation.org/publications/pdf/944.
The Asia Foundation (TAF) (2012), Taylor, W., Nguyen, TH., Pham, Q.T., & Huynh T.N.T., Civil Society in Vietnam: A Comparative Study of Civil Society Organizations in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://asiafoundation.org/publications/pdf/1144
The World Bank (2013). Migration and Development Brief: Migration and Remittances Unit, Development Prospects Group (Volume 20). Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPROSPECTS/Resources/3349341110315015165/MigrationandDevelopmentBrief20.pdf.
The World Bank (n.d.). Vietnam. Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/country/Vietnam.
Truong, T.K.C., Small, I., & Vuong, D. (2008). Diaspora Giving: An Agent of Change in Asia Pacific Communities? Vietnam. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://asianphilanthropy.org/APPC/DiasporaGiving-conference-2008/DiasporaGiving-Vietnam-2008.pdf.
UBS (2011). UBS-INSEAD Study on Pamily Philanthropy in Asia. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.insead.edu/facultyresearch/centres/social_entrepreneurship/documents/insead_study_family_philantropy_asia.pdf.
USIG (2012). Vietnam. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.usig.org/countryinfo/vietnam.asp.
VCCI (2012). AEF 6: Commitments to Increase Aid. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://vccinews.com/news_detail.asp?news_id=27685.
Vietnamnet Bridge (2011). ODA Commitment for Vietnam in 2012 Reaches $7.4bil. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://english.vietnamnet.vn/en/society/16230/society-in-brief-13–12.html.
Vietnam Partnership Document (2012). Localizing the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation Agreement, Which Was Reached at the Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness. Busan, Korea: Vietnam Partnership Document.
VTV4 (2011). Talk Vietnam: Vietnamese religions under the perspective of an American. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://vtv4.vn/.
VUFO-NGO Resource Centre Vietnam (n.d.). Homepage. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from www.ngocentre.org.vn/.
YKVN & LIN (2012). Memo: Fundraising Activities by Not-for-Profit Organizations under Vietnamese Law. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from http://www.linvn.org/cms/upload/FCKFile/YKVNpercent20&percent20LINpercent20Memopercent20-percent20NPOpercent20Fundraisingpercent20Activitiespercent20inpercent20Vietnampercent2018Dec12.pdl.
YKVN & LIN (2013). Fundraising Activities by Not-for-Proflt Organizations under Vietnamese Law (Presentation to HCMC INGO Working Group). Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: LIN Center for Community Development.
Editors and Affiliations
© 2015 Phuong Anh Nguyen and Dana R.H. Doan
About this chapter
Cite this chapter
Nguyen, P.A., Doan, D.R.H. (2015). Giving in Vietnam: A Nascent Third Sector with Potential for Growth. In: Wiepking, P., Handy, F. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Global Philanthropy. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137341532_27
Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, London
Print ISBN: 978-1-137-34323-9
Online ISBN: 978-1-137-34153-2
eBook Packages: Palgrave Social Sciences CollectionSocial Sciences (R0)